Fas-associated death domain protein (FADD) constitutes an essential component of TNFR-induced apoptotic signaling. Paradoxically, FADD has also been shown to be crucial for lymphocyte development and activation. In this study, we report that FADD is necessary for long-term maintenance of S6 kinase (S6K) activity. S6 phosphorylation at serines 240 and 244 was only observed after long-term stimulation of wild-type cells, roughly corresponding to the time before S-phase entry, and was poorly induced in T cells expressing a dominantly interfering form of FADD (FADDdd), viral FLIP, or possessing a deficiency in caspase-8. Defects in S6K1 phosphorylation were also observed. However, defective S6K1 phosphorylation was not a consequence of a wholesale defect in mammalian target of rapamycin function, because 4E-BP1 phosphorylation following T cell activation was unaffected by FADDdd expression. Although cyclin D3 up-regulation and retinoblastoma hypophosphorylation occurred normally in FADDdd T cells, cyclin E expression and cyclin-dependent kinase 2 activation were markedly impaired in FADDdd T cells. These results demonstrate that a FADD/caspase-8-signaling axis promotes T cell cycle progression and sustained S6K activity.