A False Sense of Security: Moral Panic Driven Sex Offender Legislation

@article{Maguire2011AFS,
  title={A False Sense of Security: Moral Panic Driven Sex Offender Legislation},
  author={Mary H. Maguire and Jennie Kaufman Singer},
  journal={Critical Criminology},
  year={2011},
  volume={19},
  pages={301-312}
}
Data collected from correctional files of sex offenders managed by the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation were analyzed to explore the degree to which sex offender behavior meets the assumptions of the legislation intended to regulate their behavior. The study asked where offenders commit their sex crimes and the likelihood of choosing a known vs. a stranger victim. The concept of moral panic is used as a framework to discuss possible motivations for current sex offender… 

Sex Offenders—America’s New Witches? A Theoretical Analysis of the Emergence of Sex Crime Laws

ABSTRACT During the 1990s, the United States enacted several punitive sex crime laws. Contemporary scholarship suggests this shift can be understood as a modern “witch hunt.” However, theoretical

The S tigmatization of Individuals Convicted of Sex Offe nses: Labeling Theor y and The S ex Offe nse Registry

The sex offender registry currently lists over half a million U.S. citizens as sex offenders. Modern day legislation directed toward sex offenders was born in an era of public fear and rash

Dynamics between denial and moral panic

In this contribution the authors describe the main findings of a research study conducted in the Netherlands on the return of sex-offenders to the community. The study questioned how crisis

Support for Current Sex Offender Management Policies: A National Survey of the Perceptions of Professionals

Utilizing a sample gathered from two professional organizations, this study compared the perceptions held by criminal justice professionals and clinical specialists toward current sex offender

A Dual-Process Approach to Moral Panic and Public Support for Sex Offender Management Policies

Feelings of concern, hostility, and volatility, as significant predictors of support for existing sex offender management policies for individuals classified as child molesters, were found to increase as a function of participants' reliance on the System I, experiential thinking style.

Sex offender management policies and their unintended consequences: A national survey of the perceptions of professionals

SEX OFFENDER MANAGEMENT POLICIES AND THEIR UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES: A NATIONAL SURVEY OF THE PERCEPTIONS OF PROFESSIONALS By Corey Patrick Call, Ph.D. A dissertations submitted in partial fulfillment

Moving Full-Speed Ahead in the Wrong Direction? A Critical Examination of US Sex-Offender Policy from a Positive Sexuality Model

Abstract Despite an extensive research literature on sexual offending, much of current sexual offender policy within the United States runs counter to such literature, and instead, is based on

Sex Offender Residence Restrictions

A state law (or local ordinance) restricting where sexual offenders can live. Examples include 500 to 2500 feet from places where children/minors might congregate, such as schools, playgrounds, day

Sex Offender Residence Restrictions and Homelessness: A Critical Look at South Carolina

Sex offender residence restrictions (SORRs) have been widely implemented across the United States since the 1990s. A common concern regarding the implementation of SORRs is the decrease in viable

Punitive Attitudes Toward Individuals Convicted of Sex Offenses: A Vignette Study

Abstract The public holds stereotypical beliefs about sex crimes, its perpetrators, and its victims, which may influence punitive attitudes toward individuals convicted of sex offenses (ICSOs).

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 22 REFERENCES

PERCEPTIONS OF SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION: COLLATERAL CONSEQUENCES AND COMMUNITY EXPERIENCES

ABSTRACT In the mid-1990s, the Jacob Wetterling Act and Megan's Law were passed, respectively, formalizing the practice of registering sex offenders in publicly accessible, state-wide databases. The

The Geographic Link between Sex Offenders and Potential Victims: A Routine Activities Approach

Despite the publicity surrounding several high-profile sex offender incidents in the 1990s, relatively little research has been done on sex offenders themselves. This article reports on a study of

Assessing the Impact of Sex Offender Registration and Community Notification On Sex-Offending Trajectories

General public sentiment and anecdotal evidence suggests that sex offenders are highly recidivistic. Furthermore, these similar beliefs have influenced a series of recent policy and legislative

The Impact of Specialized Sex Offender Legislation on Community Reentry

Findings suggest that such policies might hamper offenders' efforts toward community reintegration, which ultimately could serve to inflate rates of recidivism.

An Examination of the Degree to Which Sex Offenders Kill

It seems clear that most of our current sex offender policies and those being proposed for the future are the result of sexually related homicides against children committed by previously convicted

The Impact of Sex Offender Residence Restrictions: 1,000 Feet From Danger or One Step From Absurd?

The impact of residence restrictions on sex offender reintegration is described to better understand sex offenders' perceptions of these laws and it is reported that such restrictions may inadvertently increase triggers for reoffense.

Public Perceptions About Sex Offenders and Community Protection Policies

Sex offenders and sex crimes provoke a great deal of anxiety in our society, and over the past decade, lawmakers have passed a variety of social policies designed to protect the public from sexual

Sex Offender Community Notification: Its Role in Recidivism and Offender Reintegration

This study investigated the effectiveness of Megan’s law in reducing recidivism among convicted sex offenders. The policy of making such offenders more visible to the public through officially

Does Residential Proximity Matter? A Geographic Analysis of Sex Offense Recidivism

In an effort to reduce sex offense recidivism, local and state governments have recently passed legislation prohibiting sex offenders from living within a certain distance (500 to 2,500 feet) of

The Influence of Sex Offender Registration and Notification Laws in the United States

Although federal legislation for the implementation of sex offender registration and notification systems is now a decade old, empirical studies on the efficacy of this policy are relatively