A Faithfulness Ranking Projected from a Perceptibility Scale: The Case of [+ Voice] in Japanese

@article{Kawahara2006AFR,
  title={A Faithfulness Ranking Projected from a Perceptibility Scale: The Case of [+ Voice] in Japanese},
  author={Shigeto Kawahara},
  journal={Language},
  year={2006},
  volume={82},
  pages={536 - 574}
}
  • S. Kawahara
  • Published 1 September 2006
  • Linguistics
  • Language
Within the framework of optimality theory (Prince & Smolensky 2004), Steriade (2001a,b) proposes the P-map hypothesis, whose fundamental tenet is that the rankings of faithfulness constraints are grounded in perceptual-similarity rankings. This article provides empirical support for this hypothesis. In Japanese loanword phonology, a voiced geminate, but not a singleton, devoices to dissimilate from another voiced obstruent within a single stem. Based on this observation, I argue that the… 
Testing the P-Map : Lenition and Position Chad Hall
P-Map is a theory originally proposed by Steriade (2001) that is concerned with projecting the correspondence constraints involved in Optimality Theory (Prince & Smolensky 1993). Steriade claims that
Phonetic naturalness and unnaturalness in Japanese loanword phonology
This paper argues that phonetic naturalness and unnaturalness can interact within a single grammatical system. In Japanese loanword phonology, only voiced geminates, but not voiced singletons,
A sound-symbolic alternation to express cuteness and the orthographic Lyman’s Law in Japanese
Abstract The current study deals with two topics. One is the new nicknaming trend in Japanese whereby [h] alternates with [p]. In Experiment I, I established the hypothesis that the process is driven
Aspects of Japanese loanword devoicing
Nishimura (M.A. thesis, 2003) first pointed out that in Japanese loan words, voiced geminates devoice optionally when they co-occur with another voiced obstruent, i.e., when they violate OCP(voice)
Accounting for the learnability of saltation in phonological theory: A maximum entropy model with a P-map bias
Abstract: Saltatory alternations occur when two sounds alternate with each other, excluding a third sound that is phonetically intermediate between the two alternating sounds (e.g. [p] alternates
A prosodic account of consonant gemination in Japanese loanwords
and have found that most combinations are allowed; however, certain gaps in the typology emerge. While a larger database of languages would need to be consulted before we reach any safe conclusion,9
Voice contrast and culumative faithfulness in Luwanga nouns
TLDR
It is illustrated that the result of competing pressures to remain faithful to the underlying segmental structure, as well as to a consonant’s specification for [voice], is the seemingly transparent but analytically opaque retention of marked structure.
Perceptual Pressures on Lenition
TLDR
Perceptual facts offer an alternative to the articulatory account: lenition of intervocalic voiced stops yields spirants rather than voiceless stops because the latter change is perceptually highly salient.
/p/-driven geminate devoicing in Japanese: Corpus and experimental evidence
Abstract In Japanese loanwords, voiced geminates can be devoiced in the presence of another voiced obstruent (e.g., /doggu/ → /dokku/ ‘dog’). This devoicing pattern has been studied extensively in
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 95 REFERENCES
Sonorancy and geminacy
This paper establishes the claim that geminate sonorants are cross-linguistically marked, and furthermore, that the relative sonority of a geminate positively correlates with its markedness, i.e.,
Structural constraints in the perception of English stop-sonorant clusters
Contrastiveness and faithfulness
TLDR
A fundamental observation of phonological theory is that, out of the rich sound signal of speech, a small subset of phonetic properties is contrastive in any given language, and a model to capture this observation is proposed, which is schematised in Fig. 1.
Phonetically Based Phonology: The role of contrast-specific and language-specific phonetics in contour tone distribution
In some tone languages, contour tones (pitch changes within a syllable) may be used contrastively. The phonological distribution of contour tones has been of much theoretical interest, as it sheds
Phonotactics in the perception of Japanese vowel length: evidence for long-distance dependencies
TLDR
The perceptual boundary between [a] and [a:] was affected by both C and C', shifting through about 20 msec—a larger and more robust effect than was obtained in a word-superiority experiment with the same paradigm and subjects, casting doubt on explanations of phonotactic effects based on lexical-activation spreading.
On the Role of Perception in Shaping Phonological Assimilation Rules
TLDR
Experimental results confirm Kohler's perceptual assumption that fricatives were less confusable than nasals or unreleased stops in the context of a following word initial stop, and conclude that perceptual factors are likely to shape phonological assimilation rules.
Morphologically conditioned phonological alternations
Alternations that are partly phonologically, partlymorphologically conditioned are a central problem in phonologicaltheory. In Optimality Theory, two types of solutions have beenproposed:
Half rhymes in Japanese rap lyrics and knowledge of similarity
AbstractUsing data from a large-scale corpus, this paper establishes the claim that in Japanese rap rhymes, the degree of similarity of two consonants positively correlates with their likelihood of
Harmonic Scales as Faithfulness
Abstract Optimality Theory predicts that harmonic scales can be encoded in grammar in one of two ways: either as markedeness hierarchies or else as faithfulness hierarchies. Although most current
...
...