A European monitoring protocol for the stag beetle, a saproxylic flagship species

@article{Campanaro2016AEM,
  title={A European monitoring protocol for the stag beetle, a saproxylic flagship species},
  author={Alessandro Campanaro and Livia Zapponi and S{\"o}nke Hardersen and Marcos M{\'e}ndez and Nida Al Fulaij and P. Audisio and Marco Bardiani and Giuseppe M. Carpaneto and Serena Corezzola and Francesca Della Rocca and Deborah J Harvey and Colin J. Hawes and Marcin Kadej and Jerzy Karg and Markus Rink and Adrian Smolis and Eva A. Sprecher and Arno Thomaes and Ilaria Toni and Al Vrezec and Agnese Zauli and Michele Zilioli and Stefano Chiari},
  journal={Insect Conservation and Diversity},
  year={2016},
  volume={9}
}
Developing protocols for threatened invertebrates is often challenging, because they are not only rare but also elusive. This is the case with the stag beetle (Lucanus cervus), a protected and flagship species for the saproxylic beetle fauna in Europe. We applied a standard transect walk at a European scale (8 countries, 29 transects) to test its practicability and reliability as survey design. A total of 533 sightings were recorded throughout the sampling period, but detection probability… 
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