A Cross-Cultural Investigation of the Perception of Emotion in Music: Psychophysical and Cultural Cues

@article{Balkwill1999ACI,
  title={A Cross-Cultural Investigation of the Perception of Emotion in Music: Psychophysical and Cultural Cues},
  author={Laura-Lee Balkwill and William Forde Thompson},
  journal={Music Perception},
  year={1999},
  volume={17},
  pages={43-64}
}
Studies of the link between music and emotion have primarily focused on listeners' sensitivity to emotion in the music of their own culture. This sensitivity may reflect listeners' enculturation to the conventions of their culture's tonal system. However, it may also reflect responses to psychophysical dimensions of sound that are independent of musical experience. A model of listeners' perception of emotion in music is proposed in which emotion in music is communicated through a combination of… 

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