A Critique of Exchange Theory in Mate Selection1

  title={A Critique of Exchange Theory in Mate Selection1},
  author={Michael J Rosenfeld},
  journal={American Journal of Sociology},
  pages={1284 - 1325}
Status‐caste exchange theory predicts that in interracial marriages one partner’s socioeconomic status is exchanged for the other’s racial caste status. The author examines the contradictory literature on the theory specifically in relation to black‐white intermarriage and offers three explanations for the divergent findings. First, black‐white inequality has obscured the actual status homogamy typifying intermarriage. Second, gender differences among young couples have been mistaken for… Expand
Comment: An Endorsement of Exchange Theory in Mate Selection1
Status exchange theory has long held a central position in the study of interracial marriage between blacks and whites. Originally proposed by both Merton (1941) and Davis (1941) independently,Expand
Educational Inequality, Homogamy, and Status Exchange in Black‐White Intermarriage: A Comment on Rosenfeld1
  • M. Kalmijn
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • American Journal of Sociology
  • 2010
“A Critique of Exchange Theory in Mate Selection” by Michael J. Rosenfeld is one of the more serious and well-thought-out attempts to criticize the hypothesis, presenting a new loglinear model that yields negative evidence for the hypothesis. Expand
Interracial marriage and family socio-economic well-being: Equal status exchange or caste status exchange?
Abstract Minorities outmarried to Whites are often assumed to exchange their higher achieved status for an ascribed racial status. This study challenges this traditional exchange perspective byExpand
A Critique of the Status Exchange Theory of Merton and Davis in Mate Assorting
In this paper I reexamine the status exchange hypothesis (Davis 1941; Merton 1941), which argued that minorities exchange their high socioeconomic status for the "high" social status of whites.Expand
Interracial marriage and status-caste exchange in Canada and the United States
Abstract The status-caste exchange thesis has been a theoretical workhorse for the study of racial intermarriage in the United States since its introduction in the 1940s, and has enjoyed a revival inExpand
Stability of Men’s Interracial First Unions: A Test of Educational Differentials and Cohabitation History
Using the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth, this study examines how cohabitation and education affect marital dissolution for White, Black and Latino heterosexual males (N = 1,395) in theirExpand
Patterns of Racial and Educational Assortative Mating in Brazil
This work examines status exchange across racial lines in Brazil and finds strong evidence of status exchange, but this pattern results from a generalized penalty for darkness, which induces a negative association between higher education and marrying darker spouses. Expand
Declining Racial Stratification in Marriage Choices? Trends in Black/White Status Exchange in the United States, 1980 to 2010
The status exchange hypothesis suggests that partners in black/white marriages in the United States trade racial for educational status, indicating strong hierarchical barriers between racial groups.Expand
Race, Gender, and Social Exchange in Young Adult Unions
Abstract Social scientists often conceptualize romantic partner selection as an asymmetric exchange in which partners of different race or gender offer different desired qualities. For example, whiteExpand
Education and black-white interracial marriage
It is demonstrated that prior models of interracial marriage have failed to adequately distinguish the joint and marginal effects of education on inter racial marriage and a model capable of distinguishing these effects is presented. Expand


The SES Selectivity of Interracially Married Asians 1
How do outmarried Asians compare to their inmarried counterparts and to their spouses in terms of socioeconomic status? We attempt to answer this question by testing hypotheses derived fromExpand
Status Homogamy in the United States
  • M. Kalmijn
  • Psychology
  • American Journal of Sociology
  • 1991
According to classical works on social stratification, status homogamy can be regarded as an indicator of the "openness" of society. In contrast to previous approaches, this article treats marriageExpand
Marriage between members of different groups has long been viewed as a key indicator of the strength of those groups' boundaries and the nature of the social relationships between them. (See, forExpand
The effects of ethnicity and educational attainment on Jewish marriage patterns: Changes in Israel, 1957–1995
Abstract. This paper presents a study of changes in marriage patterns among the Jewish population of Israel over nearly 40 years. Using data from four Israeli Censuses spanning experience from theExpand
Note on Educational Homogamy in Negro-White and White-Negro Marriages, 1960
Interracial marriages as of 1960 were educationally about as homogamous as intra-racial marriages; most partners in both types of marriage were in the same educational brackets as their spouses.Expand
Intermarriage and homogamy: causes, patterns, trends.
  • M. Kalmijn
  • Medicine, Sociology
  • Annual review of sociology
  • 1998
"Although many characteristics play a role in the choice of a spouse, sociologists have most often examined endogamy and homogamy with respect to race/ethnicity, religion, and socioeconomicExpand
Shifting Boundaries: Trends in Religious and Educational Homogamy
I assess whether intermarriage between Protestants and Catholics has increased over the course of the twentieth century and, if it has, whether the declining salience of religious boundaries has beenExpand
Religious Assortative Marriage in the United States
In this book a revised version of a dissertation written in 1979 the author "discusses and applies to American religious data parametric models of marital selection between groups--or assortativeExpand
Crosscutting Social Circles: Testing a Macrostructural Theory of Intergroup Relations
Crosscutting Social Circles describes a theory of groups' relations to each other, and tests the theory in the 125 largest metropolitan areas In the United States. The focus is on the InfluenceExpand
Marriage choices in North Carolina and Virginia 1969-71 and 1979-81.
This study investigates age race and educational patterns of marriage choice in North Carolina and Virginia during 1969-71 and 1979-81 and provides substantial support for exchange theories ofExpand