A Critical Review of Line Graphs in Behavior Analytic Journals

  title={A Critical Review of Line Graphs in Behavior Analytic Journals},
  author={Richard M. Kubina and Douglas E. Kostewicz and Kaitlyn M. Brennan and Seth A. King},
  journal={Educational Psychology Review},
Visual displays such as graphs have played an instrumental role in psychology. One discipline relies almost exclusively on graphs in both applied and basic settings, behavior analysis. The most common graphic used in behavior analysis falls under the category of time series. The line graph represents the most frequently used display for visual analysis and subsequent interpretation and communication of experimental findings. Behavior analysis, like the rest of psychology, has opted to use non… 

Standards of Graph Construction in Special Education Research: A Review of their Use and Relevance

An overview of graphing standards is provided and the adherence of line graphs from 532 issues of 28 distinct special education journals to traditional standards of visual display is examined, indicating the majority of special education line graphs deviate from established line graph construction standards in important respects.

Three Alternatives for Graphing Behavioral Data: A Comparison of Usability and Acceptability

This study examined the relative usability and acceptability of three types of graphs: Regular (equal-interval), Standard Celeration Chart (SCC; semi-log), and Standard Behavior Graph (SBG) and found that user acceptability mainly favored the equal-intervals and SBG graphs.

Slope Identification and Decision Making: A Comparison of Linear and Ratio Graphs.

Applied behavior analysts have traditionally relied on visual analysis of graphic data displays to determine the extent of functional relations between variables and guide treatment implementation.

Brief Report: Ordinate Scaling and Axis Proportions of Single-Case Graphs in Two Prominent EBD Journals From 2010 to 2019

Single-case experimental designs (SCEDs) are frequently used to evaluate whether a functional relation exists between interventions and student outcomes. A critical factor in decision making is the

Toward a Standard Assembly of Linear Graphs

  • Evan H. DartKeith C. Radley
  • Psychology
    School psychology quarterly : the official journal of the Division of School Psychology, American Psychological Association
  • 2018
From the perspective that the field must develop and adopt standards of linear graph construction or risk inaccurate decisions within a MTSS framework, there are no standards guiding the construction of linear graphs used to display single-case data.

A Decade Review of Two Potential Analysis Altering Variables in Graph Construction.

Large variation is identified across and within types of SCDs when evaluating the lengths of the vertical and horizontal axis using the y:x ratio and the DPPXYR, with few adhering to current recommendations.

A Clarification of Slope and Scale

This paper shows how the precise geometric slope for any trend line on any non-homogeneous graph can quickly be determined—potentially improving the quantification and visual analysis of treatment effects in terms of the amount/magnitude of change in slope/variability.

The Effect of Data Points per x- to y-Axis Ratio on Visual Analysts Evaluation of Single-Case Graphs

Results of the study indicate researchers and practitioners should maintain a DPPXYR of .14 or larger in the interest of more conservative effect size judgments.

Creating Single-Subject Research Design Graphs with Google Applications

This work provides a step-by-step pictorially supported task analysis for a system for creating graphs for a variety of single-subject research designs and clinical applications using Sheets and Slides.

Graph Manipulation and the Impact on Pre-Service Teachers’ Accuracy in Evaluating Progress Monitoring Data

Through time-series graphs, teachers often evaluate progress monitoring data to make both low- and high-stakes decisions for students. The construction of these graphs—specifically, the presence of



An initial survey of fractional graph and table area in behavioral journals

Fractional graph area, the proportion of page space used to display statistical graphics, in 11 behavioral journals is examined and places behavior analysis on a continuum with other natural, mathematical, and social science disciplines and replicates previous research.

The elements of graphing data

Cleveland's book shows many valuable methods and principles not only to eliminate them but also to improve the effectiveness of data analysis and communication.

Graphs in Scientific Publications

Abstract Graphical communication in scientific publications can be improved; a detailed analysis of all graphs in one volume of Science revealed that 30% had errors. Graphs are used more in some

Visual analysis in single case experimental design studies: Brief review and guidelines

A step-by-step guide for conducting a visual analysis of graphed data and considerations for persons interested in using visual analysis to evaluate an intervention are highlighted, especially the importance of collecting reliability data for dependent measures and fidelity of implementation of study procedures.

Applied behavior analysis for teachers

This chapter discusses the development of Behavioral Objectives and the IEP, as well as some of the strategies used to develop and implement these Objectives.

Graphical Perception and Graphical Methods for Analyzing Scientific Data

The computer graphics revolution has stimulated the invention of many graphical methods for analyzing and presenting scientific data, such as box plots, two-tiered error bars, scatterplot smoothing, dot charts, and graphing on a log base 2 scale.

Citation trends of applied journals in behavioral psychology 1981-2000.

Evaluated multiple citation measures for a number of applied journals in behavioral psychology from 1981 to 2000 indicate a relatively consistent impact across these journals, with some evidence of growth.

Information Graphics: A Comprehensive Illustrated Reference

This beautifully illustrated book is the first complete handbook to visual information, describing the full range of charts, graphs, maps, diagrams, and tables used daily to manage, analyze, and communicate information.

Pep Up Your Time Machine: Recommendations for the Design of Information Visualizations of Time-Dependent Data

The following chapter will give an overview of empirical evaluations and recommendations for the design of visualizations for time-dependent data.

Creating More Effective Graphs

This chapter discusses the role of distance and detection in the creation of effective Graphs, and some more Effective Graphs in One or Two Dimensions are presented.