A Critical Appraisal of the Dark-Triad Literature and Suggestions for Moving Forward

  title={A Critical Appraisal of the Dark-Triad Literature and Suggestions for Moving Forward},
  author={Joshua D. Miller and Colin E. Vize and Michael L. Crowe and Donald R. Lynam},
  journal={Current Directions in Psychological Science},
  pages={353 - 360}
Since its introduction in 2002, dark-triad research—the simultaneous study of psychopathy, narcissism, and Machiavellianism—has exploded, with the publication of hundreds of peer-reviewed articles, books, and chapters, as well as coverage by the lay media. Unfortunately, several limitations to this research are unrecognized or ignored. These limitations include (a) the treatment of dark-triad constructs as unidimensional, contrary to evidence for their multidimensionality; (b) the… 
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