A Copy-Proof Scheme Based on the Spectral and Spatial Barcoding Channel Models

  title={A Copy-Proof Scheme Based on the Spectral and Spatial Barcoding Channel Models},
  author={Changsheng Chen and Mulin Li and Anselmo Ferreira and Jiwu Huang and Rizhao Cai},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security},
The traditional two-dimensional (2D) barcode has been employed in anti-counterfeiting systems as a storage media for serial numbers. However, an attack can be initiated by simply copying the 2D barcode and attaching it to a counterfeit product. In this paper, we aim at proposing an authentication scheme with a mobile imaging device for a 2D barcode. This work presents a competitive solution among the 2D barcode authentication schemes that have been verified under mobile imaging conditions. The… 

Low-Cost Anti-Copying 2D Barcode by Exploiting Channel Noise Characteristics

The experimental results show that the proposed Low-Cost Anti-Copying (LCAC) code with two printers and two scanners can detect DC attacks effectively and resist SC attacks up to the access of 14 legal copies.

Fusing Multiscale Texture and Residual Descriptors for Multilevel 2D Barcode Rebroadcasting Detection

A diverse and complementary feature set is proposed to quantify the barcode texture distortions introduced during the illegal copying process and is compared against some existing texture descriptors and deep learning-based approaches under various scenarios, such as cross-datasets and cross-size.

Deep Learning-Based Forgery Attack on Document Images

The forged-andrecaptured samples created by the proposed text editing attack and recapturing operation have successfully fooled some existing document authentication systems.

An Anti-Counterfeiting Architecture for Traceability System Based on Modified Two-Level Quick Response Codes

An anti-counterfeiting architecture for traceability system based on two-level quick response codes (2LQR codes) has advantages of low cost, generality, and good performance and is a promising solution to replace the existing anti- counterfeiting system.



A two-stage quality measure for mobile phone captured 2D barcode images

PiCode: A New Picture-Embedding 2D Barcode

Comparisons with the existing beautified 2D barcodes show that PiCode achieves one of the best perceptual qualities for the embedded image, and maintains a better tradeoff between image quality and decoding robustness in various application conditions.

Using Modified Digital Halftoning Technique to Design Invisible 2D Barcode by Infrared Detection

A modified digital halftoning technique to make 2D barcode invisible under normal reading condition; however, it can still be detected by infrared devices, and can be applied to product packaging and brand protection.

Anti-counterfeiting digital watermarking algorithm for printed QR barcode

A watermarking technique to secure printed QR codes using a statistical test

A novel technique is presented that permits to create a secure printed QR code which is robust against Scan & Reprint attack, constructed by replacing the background of the standard one by a specific textured pattern which does not affect the normal reading of the encoded message.

Accurate Modeling and Efficient Estimation of the Print-Capture Channel With Application in Barcoding

An accurate parametric print-capture channel model and an efficient channel estimation scheme requiring low training overhead are proposed, which allows the use of the state-of-the-art channel coding schemes, such as low-density parity-check codes with iterative soft decoding, to improve the reliability of the communication system under challenging conditions.

Exploitation of redundancy for pattern estimation of copy-sensitive two level QR code

The experimental results show that the increasing number of printed-and-scanned patterns cannot improve the estimation results, and several local strategies for pattern estimation are suggest in this paper.

Digital authentication with copy-detection patterns

This paper proposes a solution based on creating digital images with specific properties, called a Copy-detection patterns (CDP), that is printed on arbitrary documents, packages, etc, that can take a decision on the authenticity of the document.

A Novel Model for the Print-and-Capture Channel in 2D Bar Codes

A new channel model specifically tuned to the transmission of two-dimensional bar codes and which is suitable not only for scanners, but also for time/space-variant scenarios including web cameras or those embedded in mobile phones is described.

Counterfeit Detection Based on Unclonable Feature of Paper Using Mobile Camera

  • Chau-Wai WongMin Wu
  • Computer Science
    IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security
  • 2017
It is shown that images captured by mobile cameras can be used for authentication when the camera flashlight is exploited for creating a semi-controlled lighting condition, and proposed new algorithms to demonstrate that the normal vector field of paper surface can be estimated by using multiple camera-captured images of different viewpoints.