A Constructivist Approach to Online Learning: The Community of Inquiry Framework

  title={A Constructivist Approach to Online Learning: The Community of Inquiry Framework},
  author={Karen Swan and D. Randy Garrison and Jennifer C. Richardson},
This chapter presents a theoretical model of online learning, the Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework, which is grounded in John Dewey’s progressive understanding of education. The CoI framework is a process model of online learning which views the online educational experience as arising from the interaction of three presences – social presence, cognitive presence, and teaching presence. Each of these three elements in the CoI model are described and related to Dewey’s work, and research… 

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