A Constructivist Approach to Online Learning: The Community of Inquiry Framework

@inproceedings{Swan2009ACA,
  title={A Constructivist Approach to Online Learning: The Community of Inquiry Framework},
  author={Karen Swan and D. Randy Garrison and Jennifer C. Richardson},
  year={2009}
}
This chapter presents a theoretical model of online learning, the Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework, which is grounded in John Dewey’s progressive understanding of education. The CoI framework is a process model of online learning which views the online educational experience as arising from the interaction of three presences – social presence, cognitive presence, and teaching presence. Each of these three elements in the CoI model are described and related to Dewey’s work, and research… 

Figures from this paper

The Community of Inquiry Framework, Online and Blended Learning, and the i2Flex Classroom Model
The community of inquiry (CoI) framework was developed by researchers at the University of Alberta who were interested in exploring the learning that took place among participants in online
Social Construction of Knowledge and the Community of Inquiry Framework
  • Karen Swan
  • Psychology
    SpringerBriefs in Education
  • 2019
The Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework is a social constructivist model of learning processes in online educational environments. It views learning in such settings as supported by three
The Community of Inquiry Framework, Blended Learning, and the i2Flex Classroom Model
The Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework was developed by researchers interested in exploring learning in online discussions who grounded their thinking in social constructivist notions of
A Review of Literature on the Community of Inquiry Framework
The purpose of the current study was to critically analyze the learning in community of inquiry (CoI) framework. In the year 2000 Garrison, Anderson and Archer introduced CoI framework in order to
Designing a Community of Inquiry in Online Courses
This article describes a practical approach for implementing instructional strategies in order to build a Community of Inquiry (CoI) into an online course. Online community building has positive
Building Community and Capacity: Self-Study and the Development of Social Constructivist Online Teaching
Bank Street College was founded in 1916 with a commitment to constructivist practice. When the College began to move into the online venue, there was no question but that online practice would need
A Theoretically Informed Approach to Collaborative Writing in EAP Contexts Using Web-Based Technologies
This chapter examines the need for a theoretically-informed approach to collaborative English for Academic Purpose (EAP) pedagogy and research. It discusses the relevance of online collaborative
Virtual instructors' perspectives toward Community of Inquiry framework: The case of EFL
TLDR
This study aimed to investigate virtual English language instructors' perspectives regarding Community of Inquiry Model and indicated that Cognitive presence was the least common presence in virtual learning environment.
Examining Learners’ Interaction in an Open Online Course Through the Community of Inquiry Framework
TLDR
The findings suggest that deploying a set of online tools combined with appropriate pedagogical approaches in designing open online courses could foster learner interaction especially learner-content interaction and cognitive presence.
Emerging Technologies and Potential Paradigmatic Shifts in the Community of Inquiry Framework
Despite extensive Community of Inquiry (CoI) research, dependence on the technological foundations of online learning via the Learning Management System (LMS) remains underresearched. As a blank
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 50 REFERENCES
The Development of a Community of Inquiry over Time in an Online Course: Understanding the Progression and Integration of Social, Cognitive and Teaching Presence.
The purpose of this study was to explore the dynamics of an online educational experience through the lens of the Community of Inquiry framework. Transcript analysis of online discussion postings and
Community of inquiry as a theoretical framework to foster "epistemic engagement" and "cognitive presence" in online education
TLDR
The study validates an instrument designed to measure teaching, social, and cognitive presence indicative of a community of learners within the community of inquiry (CoI) framework and determined that 70% of the variance in the online students' levels of cognitive presence can be modeled based on their reports of their instructors' skills in fostering teaching presence.
Building Learning Communities in Online Courses: the importance of interaction
TLDR
Preliminary findings from research on the development of community in online course discussions support an equilibrium model of social presence in online discussion which suggests that as affective communications channels are reduced, discussion participants use more verbal immediacy behaviors to support interaction among classmates.
Critical thinking, cognitive presence, and computer conferencing in distance education
Abstract This article describes a practical approach to judging the nature and quality of critical discourse in a computer conference. A model of a critical community of inquiry frames the research.
A study of teaching presence and student sense of learning community in fully online and web-enhanced college courses
TLDR
Factor and regression analysis indicate a significant link between students' sense of learning community and effective instructional design and “directed facilitation” on the part of course instructors, and highlights interesting differences between online and classroom environments.
Does "teaching presence" exist in online MBA courses?
TLDR
This paper assesses the construct validity of the dimensions of teaching presence, one of three types of presence articulated in Garrison, Anderson, and Archer's Community of Inquiry model of online learning, suggesting that it is a valid framework for studying online management education and points to the potential of the broader Community of inquiry model for further research and application.
STUDENT ROLE ADJUSTMENT IN ONLINE COMMUNITIES OF INQUIRY: MODEL AND INSTRUMENT VALIDATION
TLDR
The purpose of this study is to validate an instrument to study role adjustment of students new to an online community of inquiry and it is shown that the instrument did reflect the theoretical model.
Facilitating Cognitive Presence in Online Learning: Interaction Is Not Enough
This study assessed the depth of online learning, with a focus on the nature of online interaction in four distance education course designs. The Study Process Questionnaire was used to measure the
The Relationship of Social Presence and Interaction in Online Classes
The purpose of this research was to study social presence in the online learning environment. Dimensions of social presence were examined using quantitative and qualitative methods. Three dimensions
E-Learning in the 21st Century: A Framework for Research and Practice
From the Publisher: There is a technological revolution taking place in higher education. The growth of 'e-learning' is being described as explosive, unprecedented and disruptive. E-Learning in the
...
1
2
3
4
5
...