A Comprehensive Phylogeny of Beetles Reveals the Evolutionary Origins of a Superradiation

  title={A Comprehensive Phylogeny of Beetles Reveals the Evolutionary Origins of a Superradiation},
  author={Toby Hunt and Johannes Bergsten and Zuzana Levkani{\vc}ov{\'a} and Anna Papadopoulou and O John and Ruth Wild and Peter M. Hammond and Dirk Ahrens and Michael Balke and Michael S. Caterino and Jes{\'u}s G{\'o}mez‐Zurita and Ignacio Ribera and Timothy Giles Barraclough and Milada Bocakova and Ladislav Bocak and Alfried P. Vogler},
  pages={1913 - 1916}
Beetles represent almost one-fourth of all described species, and knowledge about their relationships and evolution adds to our understanding of biodiversity. We performed a comprehensive phylogenetic analysis of Coleoptera inferred from three genes and nearly 1900 species, representing more than 80% of the world's recognized beetle families. We defined basal relationships in the Polyphaga supergroup, which contains over 300,000 species, and established five families as the earliest branching… 

Evolutionary history of Coleoptera revealed by extensive sampling of genes and species

A time-calibrated phylogeny for Coleoptera is infer based on 95 protein-coding genes in 373 beetle species and an association between the hyperdiversification of beetles and the rise of angiosperms is suggested.

Higher level molecular phylogeny of darkling beetles (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)

This study reconstructs the first higher level phylogeny based on DNA sequence data for the species‐rich darkling beetles, and investigates the evolutionary history of Tenebrionidae using multiple phylogenetic inference methods to analyse a dataset consisting of eight gene fragments across 404 taxa.

The fossil record and macroevolutionary history of the beetles

  • Dena M. SmithJ. Marcot
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2015
Coleoptera (beetles) is the most species-rich metazoan order, with approximately 380 000 species. To understand how they came to be such a diverse group, we compile a database of global fossil beetle

The evolution and genomic basis of beetle diversity

Beetles diversity appears to have resulted from multiple factors, including low extinction rates over a long evolutionary history, codiversification with angiosperms, and adaptive radiations of specialized herbivorous beetles following convergent horizontal transfers of microbial genes encoding PCWDEs.

The evolution of scarab beetles tracks the sequential rise of angiosperms and mammals

The clear time lag between the origins of herbivores and coprophages suggests an evolutionary path driven by the angiosperms that first favoured the herbivore fauna (mammals and insects) followed by the secondary radiation of the dung feeders.

Molecular phylogeny of the squeak beetles, a family with disjunct Palearctic-Australian range.

Molecular phylogenetics of Australian weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea): exploring relationships in a hyperdiverse lineage through comparison of independent analyses

An estimation of the phylogeny of Australian weevils and of the divergence dates of the major lineages based on a multi‐gene data set spanning ∼3.5 kbp of DNA sequence is presented and a number of relationships and age estimates are recovered that are congruent with those obtained by other recent weevil phylogeny estimates.

Museum phylogenomics of extinct Oryctes beetles from the Mascarene Islands

This study employs historical museum specimens from the Mascarene Islands to generate the first whole-genome based phylogeny of three presumably extinct species of the rhinoceros beetle genus Oryctes, finding that Marronus borbonicus belongs instead to the genus ORYctes and that the two Réunion-based species are not sister taxa, suggesting two independent colonizations.

Early Cretaceous angiosperms and beetle evolution

The fossil record and molecular analyses reveal that these four beetle groups had already diversified during or before the Early Cretaceous, clearly before the initial rise of angiosperms to widespread floristic dominance.



"Inordinate Fondness" explained: why are there So many beetles?

  • Farrell
  • Biology, Environmental Science
  • 1998
Repeated origins of angiosperm-feeding beetle lineages are associated with enhanced rates of beetle diversification, indicating a series of adaptive radiations.

Darwin's abominable mystery: Insights from a supertree of the angiosperms

A supertree of angiosperm families from published phylogenetic studies shows that diversification rate is a labile attribute of lineages at all levels of the tree, reflecting the interactive effects of biological traits and the environment.


The phylogenetic distribution of clades with an exceedingly high number of species suggests that traits that confer high rates of diversification evolved independently in different instances and do not characterize the angiosperms as a whole.

Evolution and Classification of Beetles

The beetle ovipositor represents the plesiomorphic form of that found in neuropteroids, so Coleoptera could not be the sister group of any particular neuropteroid order; but Hamilton (48) argued on the basis of wing venation thatColeoptera and Megaloptera are sister groups.

Sequence alignment of 18S ribosomal RNA and the basal relationships of Adephagan beetles: evidence for monophyly of aquatic families and the placement of Trachypachidae.

The analysis weakly supports monophyly of Adephaga, with Polyphaga usually as its sister, and the two small suborders Myxophaga and Archostemata basal to them, and a parametric bootstrapping test significantly rejects an hypothesis of nonmonophyly.

Thoracic morphology of adults of Derodontidae and Nosodendridae and its phylogenetic implications (Coleoptera)

The monophyly of Derodontidae and a sister‐group relationship between Peltastica and the remaining genera are confirmed and previous references to the family as ‘primitive’ are unjustified.

The Phylogeny of the Extant Hexapod Orders

A well‐resolved and robust cladogram of ordinal relationships is produced with the topology of crustacea.


Venational evidence is given to define two major lineages (the hydrophiloid and the eucinetoid) within the suborder Polyphaga, and relationships among the four currently recognized suborders of Coleoptera are reexamined using hind wing characters.