A Comprehensive Meta-Analysis of Triple P-Positive Parenting Program Using Hierarchical Linear Modeling: Effectiveness and Moderating Variables

  title={A Comprehensive Meta-Analysis of Triple P-Positive Parenting Program Using Hierarchical Linear Modeling: Effectiveness and Moderating Variables},
  author={Christopher J. Nowak and Nina Heinrichs},
  journal={Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review},
A meta-analysis encompassing all studies evaluating the impact of the Triple P-Positive Parenting Program on parent and child outcome measures was conducted in an effort to identify variables that moderate the program’s effectiveness. Hierarchical linear models (HLM) with three levels of data were employed to analyze effect sizes. The results (N = 55 studies) indicate that Triple P causes positive changes in parenting skills, child problem behavior and parental well-being in the small to… 
Enhancing positive development of children: Effects of a multilevel randomized controlled intervention on parenting and child problem behavior
Parent-oriented and school-oriented programs that aim to improve child behavior and mental health are well established, few studies focus on the possibility of additional benefits arising from a
Treatment of child externalizing behavior problems: a comprehensive review and meta–meta-analysis on effects of parent-based interventions on parental characteristics
Overall, parent training interventions proved to be effective in improving parental characteristics for parents of children with externalizing behavior problems, and effectiveness was stronger regarding characteristics explicitly targeted by interventions.
Technology-Assisted Parenting Interventions for Families Experiencing Social Disadvantage: a Meta-Analysis
Support is provided for the use of technology-assisted parenting interventions in populations experiencing social disadvantage by showing a near-significant impact on parental psychological well-being and being associated with significant improvements in parenting and child behavior.
Independent evaluation of the Triple P Positive Parenting Program in family support service settings
No significant difference was found between Triple P and service-as-usual groups on any secondary outcome measures including parenting stress, positive interaction, family functioning and child problem behaviours.
The Effectiveness of a Home-Based Delivery of Triple P in High-Risk Families in Rural Areas
Objectives Triple P is a positive parenting intervention designed to improve parenting practices and enhance childhood outcomes. Triple P has shown positive effects in various prior studies; however,
Effects and Moderators of Triple P on the Social, Emotional, and Behavioral Problems of Children: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
A systematic review and meta-analysis of the intervention effects of the latest literature on Triple P found the significant effectiveness of Triple P on the SEB problems of children and parenting outcomes and the moderators of the effect size.
Predictors of Program Use and Child and Parent Outcomes of A Brief Online Parenting Intervention
Regression analyses showed that higher baseline levels of child behavior problems, older parental age and more intense conflict over parenting pre-intervention predicted greater improvement in child behavior at 9-month follow-up, and improvement in parenting was predicted by higher pre-Intervention levels of ineffective parenting.
How evidence-based is an 'evidence-based parenting program'? A PRISMA systematic review and meta-analysis of Triple P
It is found no convincing evidence that Triple P interventions work across the whole population or that any benefits are long-term, and commissioners should apply to parenting programs the standards used in assessing pharmaceutical interventions.


Behavioral Outcomes of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy and Triple P—Positive Parenting Program: A Review and Meta-Analysis
Positive effects of both Parent-Child Interaction Therapy and Triple P-Positive Parenting Program were revealed, but effects varied depending on intervention length, components, and source of outcome data.
Triple P-Positive Parenting Program: Towards an Empirically Validated Multilevel Parenting and Family Support Strategy for the Prevention of Behavior and Emotional Problems in Children
  • M. Sanders
  • Psychology
    Clinical child and family psychology review
  • 1999
This paper outlines the theoretical and empirical foundations of a unique multilevel parenting and family support strategy designed to reduce the prevalence of behavioral and emotional problems in
The triple P-positive parenting program: a comparison of enhanced, standard, and self-directed behavioral family intervention for parents of children with early onset conduct problems.
Three variants of a behavioral family intervention (BFI) program known as Triple P were compared using 305 preschoolers at high risk of developing conduct problems, and children in EBFI showed greater reliable improvement than children in SBFI, SDBFI, and WL.
Effectiveness of the Triple P Positive Parenting Program on Parenting: A Meta-Analysis.
Triple P is a parenting program intended to prevent and to provide treatment for severe behavioral, emotional, and developmental problems in children. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the
Maintenance of Treatment Gains: A Comparison of Enhanced, Standard, and Self-directed Triple P-Positive Parenting Program
Across conditions, there was a comparable preventive effect for each intervention for these high risk children, and each condition showed a similar level of maintenance of intervention effects.
The Effects of the Triple P-Positive Parenting Program on Preschool Children with Co-Occurring Disruptive Behavior and Attentional/Hyperactive Difficulties
Two variants of a behavioral family intervention program known as Triple P were compared using 87 preschoolers with co-occurring disruptive behavior and attentional/hyperactive difficulties, and the enhanced program was not shown to be superior to the standard program using any of the outcome measures at either postintervention or follow-up.
Triple P – Positive Parenting Program: A population approach to promoting competent parenting
Abstract Family conflict and poor parenting are generic risk factors associated with a wide variety of adverse developmental outcomes in children including increased risk for conduct problems, drug
Effectiveness of The Triple P Positive Parenting Program on Behavioral Problems in Children
Results indicate that Level 4 of Triple P interventions reduced disruptive behaviors in children and support the widespread adoption and implementation of TripleP that is taking place in an increasing number of countries in quite diverse cultural contexts around the world.
Balancing Work and Family: A Controlled Evaluation of the Triple P- Positive Parenting Program as a Work-Site Intervention.
Following intervention, parents in WPTP reported significantly lower levels of disruptive child behaviour, dysfunctional parenting practices, and higher levels of parental self-efficacy in managing both home and work responsibilities, than parents in the WL condition.