Fuel Vaporization and Spray Combustion Theory,
- W. A. Sirignano
- Progress in Energy and Combustion Science,
The effects of different gasand liquid-phase models on the vaporization behavior of a single-component isolated droplet are studied for both stagnant and convection situations in a high-temperature gas environment. In conjunction with four different liquid-phase models, namely, d law, infinite conductivity, diffusion limit, and internal vortex circulation, the different gas-phase models include a spherically symmetric model in the stagnant case and Ranz-Marshall correlation plus two other axisymmetric models in the convective case. A critical comparison of all these models is made. The use of these models in a spray situation is examined. A transient one-dimensional flow of an air-fuel droplet mixture is considered. It is shown that the fuel vapor mass fraction can be very sensitive to the particular liquidand gas-phase models. The spherically symmetric conduction or diffusion limit model is recommended when the droplet Reynolds number is negligible compared to unity, while the simplified vortex model accounting for internal circulation is suggested when the droplet Reynolds number is large compared to unity.