A Company I Can Trust? Organizational Lay Theories Moderate Stereotype Threat for Women

  title={A Company I Can Trust? Organizational Lay Theories Moderate Stereotype Threat for Women},
  author={Katherine T. U. Emerson and Mary C. Murphy},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  pages={295 - 307}
Women remain under-represented in the leadership of corporate America. According to stereotype threat theory, this under-representation may persist because women are concerned about being stereotyped in business settings. Three studies investigated whether an entity (fixed), compared with an incremental (malleable), organizational lay theory is threatening for women evaluating a consulting company. Men and women viewed a company mission statement or website containing an entity or incremental… 

Figures from this paper

My Fair Lady? Inferring Organizational Trust From the Mere Presence of Women in Leadership Roles

The mere presence of a female leader relative to a male leader led perceivers to anticipate fairer treatment in that organization and greater projected salary and status and this mere presence effect occurred uniquely through communal and not agentic affordances.

Women on the edge of a breakthrough? A stereotype threat theory of women’s angel investing

The extent to which women participate in the angel investment market has become an important topic of research and policy interest. Based on UK survey data, we demonstrate that there are systematic

Stereotype Threat in Organizations: Implications for Equity and Performance

Over the past 20 years, a large body of laboratory and field research has shown that, when people perform in settings in which their group is negatively stereotyped, they may experience a phenomenon

Cultures of Genius at Work: Organizational Mindsets Predict Cultural Norms, Trust, and Commitment

Employees who perceived their organization to endorse a fixed (vs. growth) mindset reported that their company’s culture was characterized by less collaboration, innovation, and integrity, and they reported less organizational trust and commitment.

Addressing Stereotype Threat is Critical to Diversity and Inclusion in Organizational Psychology

This review focused on underexplored areas including effects of stereotype threat beyond test performance and the application of brief, low-cost interventions in the workplace.

Faking it Even After you Make it? Exploring How Organizational Lay Theories of Intelligence Impact Cheating on Difficult Tasks

Organizational lay theories of intelligence (i.e., beliefs shared within an organization about the nature of intelligence) have been found to play an important role in shaping people’s experiences

African American Women Middle Managers’ Stories of Stereotype Threat and Leadership Aspirations

African American Women Middle Managers’ Stories of Stereotype Threat and Leadership Aspirations by Rockell Chandler Ashley MA, Bethel University, 2013 BS, Limestone College, 2011 Dissertation

To Venture or Not to Venture? Gender Stereotyping and Women’s Entrepreneurial Aspirations

The objective of the present paper is to explore the relationship between perceived gender stereotyping and women’s entrepreneurial aspirations. Two studies were conducted. Study 1 was based on a

Masculine defaults: Identifying and mitigating hidden cultural biases.

Efforts to increase women's participation in majority-male departments and companies would benefit from identifying and counteracting masculine defaults on multiple levels of organizational culture (i.e., ideas, institutional policies, interactions, individuals).

What Happens After Prejudice Is Confronted in the Workplace? How Mindsets Affect Minorities’ and Women’s Outlook on Future Social Relations

A growth mindset contributes to successful workplace diversity by protecting women’s and minorities’ outlook when they opt to confront expressions of bias.



Stereotype Threat at Work

Managing diversity in organizations requires creating an environment where all employees can succeed. This paper explains how understanding “stereotype threat”—the fear of being judged according to a

A Multi-Dimensional Study of Trust in Organizations

The essential ingredient of collaborative effort is trust. High performance teams are characterized by high mutual trust among members. Leaders succeed in bringing about change because they are

How do individuals expect to be viewed by members of lower status groups? Content and implications of meta-stereotypes.

It was demonstrated that feeling stereotyped was associated with negative emotions about intergroup interaction as well as decreases in current self-esteem and self-concept clarity.

A Culture of Genius: How an Organization’s Lay Theory Shapes People’s Cognition, Affect, and Behavior

The authors find that people systematically shift their self-presentations when motivated to join an entity or incremental organization and show downstream consequences of these inferences for participants’ self-concepts and their hiring decisions.

Clearing the air: identity safety moderates the effects of stereotype threat on women's leadership aspirations.

Exposing participants to gender-stereotypic TV commercials designed to elicit the female stereotype, the present research explored whether vulnerability to stereotype threat could persuade women to

A threat in the air. How stereotypes shape intellectual identity and performance.

  • C. Steele
  • Psychology
    The American psychologist
  • 1997
Research shows that this threat dramatically depresses the standardized test performance of women and African Americans who are in the academic vanguard of their groups, that it causes disidentification with school, and that practices that reduce this threat can reduce these negative effects.

Are People Prejudiced Against Women? Some Answers From Research on Attitudes, Gender Stereotypes, and Judgments of Competence

In contemporary research, attitudes toward women appear to be more positive than those toward men in samples of US and Canadian university students, and the evaluative content of the female

Identity threat at work: how social identity threat and situational cues contribute to racial and ethnic disparities in the workplace.

This work provides an overview of how identity threat shapes the psychological processes of racial and ethnic minorities by heightening vigilance to certain situational cues in the workplace and outlines several of these cues and their role in creating and sustaining perceptions of identity threat (or safety).

Disabling the Able: Stereotype Threat and Women's Work Performance

Stereotype threat is the risk of confirming a negative stereotype about one’s group as being true of oneself. This laboratory simulation investigated the effect of stereotype threat on women’s