A Cognitive Brain-Computer Interface for Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

  title={A Cognitive Brain-Computer Interface for Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis},
  author={M. Hohmann and T. Fomina and V. Jayaram and N. Widmann and Christian Forster and J. M. Hagen and M. Synofzik and B. Sch{\"o}lkopf and L. Schols and M. Grosse-Wentrup},
  journal={2015 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics},
Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) are often based on the control of sensor motor processes, yet sensor motor processes are impaired in patients suffering from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We devised a new paradigm that targets higher level cognitive processes to transmit information from the user to the BCI. We instructed five ALS patients and eleven healthy subjects to either activate self-referential memories or to focus on processes without mnemonic content, while recording a high… Expand
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