A Cluster of Hypoplastic Left Heart Malformation in Baltimore, Maryland

  title={A Cluster of Hypoplastic Left Heart Malformation in Baltimore, Maryland},
  author={Karen S. Kuehl and Christopher A. Loffredo},
  journal={Pediatric Cardiology},
Congenital cardiovascular malformations (CCVMs) of the left side of the heart show familial recurrence of various forms of obstructive malformations, including hypoplastic left heart (HLH), interrupted aortic arch, coarctation of the aorta, and aortic stenosis. In a previous population-based study in the Baltimore–Washington region, these malformations were associated with parental reports of occupational or leisure solvent exposure, overt diabetes, and family history of CCVM in first-degree… CONTINUE READING


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