A Cineradiographic Study of Static and Dynamic Aspects of American English /r/

  title={A Cineradiographic Study of Static and Dynamic Aspects of American English /r/},
  author={Paul A. Zawadzki and David P. Kuehn},
  pages={253 - 266}
Abstract High speed cineradiograms were used to examine the articulatory characteristics associated with selected allophones of American English /r/. Only one of the three speakers produced a ‘retroflexed’ /r/ with a raised tongue apex. The other speakers produced a ‘bunched’ /r/ characterized by a raising of the tongue dorsum. Two basic types of /r/ were observed for all three speakers: (1) prevocalic /r/, which initiated a syllable, and (2) post-vocalic /r/, which terminated a syllable or… 
An MRI-based articulatory and acoustic study of American English liquid sounds /r/ and /l/
Title of dissertation: AN MRI-BASED ARTICULATORY AND ACOUSTIC STUDY OF AMERICAN ENGLISH LIQUID SOUNDS /R/ AND /L/ Xinhui Zhou, 2009 Dissertation directed by: Professor Carol Y. Espy-Wilson Department
Phonetic vs. phonological influences on French listeners' perception of American English approximants
It is concluded that the detailed articulatory-phonetic properties of the native versus non-native consonant categories, rather than solely the abstract phonological contrasts of the two languages, account for this perceptual pattern.
Individual-level contact limits phonological complexity: Evidence from bunched and retroflex /ɹ/
We compare the complexity of idiosyncratic sound patterns involving American English /ɹ/ with the relative simplicity of clear/dark /l/-allophony patterns found in English and other languages. For
Towards a gestural characterization of liquids: Evidence from Spanish and Russian
The production of intervocalic liquid consonants by five speakers of Spanish and four speakers of Russian was examined using ultrasound. Liquids in both languages were found to be united by a lower
Spatial and Temporal Properties of Gestures in North American English /r/
It is proposed that the relative magnitude of gestures is a better predictor of timing than relative anteriority or an assigned phonological classification.
Articulatory overlap in English syllables with postvocalic / ɹ /
​ *Corresponding author's address: Linguistics, University of Southern California, 3601 Watt Way, GFS 301, Los Angeles, CA 90089-1693, rwalker@usc.edu In General American English (GAE), only two full