A Century of Grading Research: Meaning and Value in the Most Common Educational Measure

@inproceedings{Brookhart2016ACO,
  title={A Century of Grading Research: Meaning and Value in the Most Common Educational Measure},
  author={Susan M. Brookhart and Thomas R. Guskey and Alex J. Bowers and J H Mcmillan and J. Keith Smith and Lisa F. Smith and Michael T. Stevens and Megan E. Welsh},
  year={2016}
}
Grading refers to the symbols assigned to individual pieces of student work or to composite measures of student performance on report cards. This review of over 100 years of research on grading considers five types of studies: (a) early studies of the reliability of grades, (b) quantitative studies of the composition of K–12 report card grades, (c) survey and interview studies of teachers’ perceptions of grades, (d) studies of standards-based grading, and (e) grading in higher education. Early… CONTINUE READING

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