A Case Study of a Graphical Misrepresentation

  title={A Case Study of a Graphical Misrepresentation},
  author={A. Cox and H. Kirkham},
  journal={Drug Safety},
Graphs have been used in attempts to show a relationship between the measles, mumps and rubella virus (MMR) vaccine and autism. We examine the topic of graphical representation of data in general, and one of these graphs in particular: the one that appeared in a 1999 letter to The Lancet. That graph combined data from England and from California, USA. The author alleged that this graph illustrated a rise in autism rates linked to the use of the MMR vaccine. By examining the presentation closely… Expand
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The choice of a graphical format may influence the understanding of data and further research is needed in order to sustain the improvement of medical and health professionals' knowledge in the display data format. Expand
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Retraction of an interpretation
Ten of the 12 original authors of the Early Report “Ileal-lymphoidnodular hyperplasia, non-specific colitis, and pervasive developmental disorder in children”, published in The Lancet in 1998 are considering together formally retract the interpretation placed upon these findings in the paper. Expand
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The uptake of the combined measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine in the United Kingdom and Europe is reviewed, and susceptible groups are identified. Expand
Time trends in autism and in MMR immunization coverage in California.
CONTEXT Considerable concern has been generated in the lay and medical communities by a theory that increased measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) immunization among young children may be the cause of anExpand
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RETRACTED: Ileal-lymphoid-nodular hyperplasia, non-specific colitis, and pervasive developmental disorder in children
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