A Careful Consideration of the Calibration Concept

  title={A Careful Consideration of the Calibration Concept},
  author={Steven D. Phillips and W. T. Estler and Ted Doiron and Keith R. Eberhardt and Mark S. Levenson},
  booktitle={Journal of research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology},
This paper presents a detailed discussion of the technical aspects of the calibration process with emphasis on the definition of the measurand, the conditions under which the calibration results are valid, and the subsequent use of the calibration results in measurement uncertainty statements. The concepts of measurement uncertainty, error, systematic error, and reproducibility are also addressed as they pertain to the calibration process. 

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