A COMBINED MAXIMUM-LIKELIHOOD ANALYSIS OF THE HIGH-ENERGY ASTROPHYSICAL NEUTRINO FLUX MEASURED WITH ICECUBE

@article{Aartsen2015ACM,
  title={A COMBINED MAXIMUM-LIKELIHOOD ANALYSIS OF THE HIGH-ENERGY ASTROPHYSICAL NEUTRINO FLUX MEASURED WITH ICECUBE},
  author={IceCube Collaboration M.G. Aartsen and K. J. Abraham and Markus Ackermann and J. H. Adams and Juan Antonio Aguilar and Markus Ahlers and Maximilian Ahrens and David Altmann and Tyler Brooks Anderson and M. Archinger and Carlos A. Arguelles and Timothy C. Arlen and Jan Auffenberg and Xinhua Bai and Steven W. Barwick and V. Baum and Ryan Bay and James J. Beatty and Julia K. Becker Tjus and Kurt H. Becker and E. S. Beiser and Segev BenZvi and Patrick Berghaus and David Berley and Elisa Bernardini and Anna Bernhard and David Z. Besson and Gary Binder and Daniel Bindig and Martin Bissok and Erik Blaufuss and Jan Blumenthal and David J. Boersma and Christian Bohm and M. Borner and Fabian Bos and Debanjan Bose and Sebastian Boser and Olga Botner and J. Braun and Lionel Brayeur and Hans-Peter Bretz and A. M. Brown and N Buzinsky and James Casey and Martin Casier and E. Cheung and Dmitry Chirkin and Asen Christov and Brian John Christy and Ken Clark and Lew Classen and Stefan Coenders and D. F. Cowen and A. H. Cruz Silva and Jacob Daughhetee and J. C. Davis and Melanie Day and J.P.A.M. de Andr'e and Catherine De Clercq and Hans Peter Dembinski and Simon De Ridder and Paolo Desiati and Krijn D. de Vries and G. de Wasseige and Meike de With and Tyce DeYoung and J. C. D'iaz-V'elez and Jonathan Dumm and Matthew Dunkman and Ryan Eagan and Benjamin Eberhardt and Thomas Ehrhardt and Bj{\"o}rn Eichmann and Sebastian Euler and Paul A. Evenson and O. Fadiran and Sam Fahey and Ali R. Fazely and Anatoli Fedynitch and Jacob Feintzeig and John Felde and Kirill Filimonov and Chad Finley and Tobias Fischer-Wasels and Samuel Flis and T. Fuchs and Thomas K. Gaisser and Romain Gaior and J. Gallagher and Lisa Marie Gerhardt and Karim Ghorbani and D. Gier and Laura E. Gladstone and M. Glagla and Thorsten Glusenkamp and Azriel Goldschmidt and Geraldina Golup and J. G. Gonzalez and Jordan A. Goodman and Dariusz G'ora and Darren Grant and Pavel Gretskov and John C. Groh and A. Gross and Chang Hyon Ha and Christian Haack and A. Haj Ismail and Allan Hallgren and Francis Halzen and Britta Hansmann and Kael D. Hanson and Dustin Hebecker and David Heereman and Klaus Helbing and Robert Eugene Hellauer and Denise Hellwig and Stephanie Virginia Hickford and Joshua Hignight and Gary C. Hill and Kara D. Hoffman and Ruth Hoffmann and Kilian Holzapfel and Andreas Homeier and Kotoyo Hoshina and F. Huang and Martin E. Huber and Warren Huelsnitz and Per Olof Hulth and Klas Hultqvist and Seongjin In and Aya Ishihara and Emanuel Jacobi and George S. Japaridze and Kyle Jero and Matej Jurkovi{\vc} and Basho Kaminsky and Alexander Kappes and Timo Karg and Albrecht Karle and Matthew Kauer and Azadeh Keivani and John Lawrence Kelley and Julian Kemp and Ali Kheirandish and Joanna Kiryluk and J. Klas and Spencer R. Klein and Georges Kohnen and Hermann Kolanoski and R. Konietz and A. Koob and Lutz Kopke and Claudio Kopper and Sandro Kopper and D. Jason Koskinen and Marek Kowalski and Kai Michael Krings and G{\"o}sta Kroll and Mike Kroll and Jan Kunnen and Naoko Kurahashi and Takao Kuwabara and Mathieu L. M. Labare and Justin Lanfranchi and Michael James Larson and Mariola Lesiak-Bzdak and Martin Leuermann and J. Leuner and Jan Lunemann and J. Madsen and Giuliano Maggi and K. Mahn and Reina Maruyama and Keiichi Mase and Howard S. Matis and Ryan Maunu and Frank McNally and Kevin J. Meagher and Morten Medici and Athina Meli and Thorben Menne and G. Merino and Thomas Meures and Sandra Miarecki and Eike Middell and Erin Middlemas and J. Miller and Lars Mohrmann and Teresa Montaruli and Robert Morse and Rolf Nahnhauer and Uwe Naumann and Hans Niederhausen and Sarah C. Nowicki and David R. Nygren and Anna Obertacke and Alexander R. Olivas and Ahmad Omairat and Aongus O'Murchadha and Tomasz Palczewski and Larissa Paul and Joshua A. Pepper and Carlos P'erez de los Heros and Carl Pfendner and Damian Pieloth and Elisa Pinat and Jonas Posselt and P. Buford Price and Gerald T. Przybylski and John Putz and Melissa Quinnan and Leif Radel and M. Rameez and Katherine Rawlins and Peter Christian Redl and Ren{\'e} Reimann and Matthew Relich and Elisa Resconi and Wolfgang Rhode and Michael Richman and Steffen Richter and Benedikt Riedel and S. M. Robertson and Martin Rongen and Carsten Rott and Tim Ruhe and Bakhtiyar Ruzybayev and Dirk Ryckbosch and Sabine M. Saba and Lucia Sabbatini and Heinz Georg Sander and A. Sandrock and J. Sandroos and Subir Sarkar and Kai Schatto and Florian Scheriau and Michael Schimp and Thomas Schmidt and Martin Schmitz and Sebastian Schoenen and Sebastian Schoneberg and A. R. Schonwald and Anne Schukraft and Lukas Schulte and David Seckel and Surujhdeo Seunarine and Rezo Shanidze and M. W. E. Smith and Dennis Soldin and G. M. Spiczak and Christian Spiering and M. Stahlberg and Michael Stamatikos and Todor Stanev and Nick A. Stanisha and Alexander Stasik and Thorsten Stezelberger and Robert G. Stokstad and A. Stossl and Erik A. Strahler and R. G. Strom and Nora Linn Strotjohann and Gregory W. Sullivan and Michael S. Sutherland and Henric Taavola and Ignacio Taboada and Samvel Ter-Antonyan and Andrii Terliuk and G. Tevsi'c and Serap Tilav and Patrick A. Toale and M. N. Tobin and Delia Tosi and Maria Tselengidou and Elisabeth Unger and Marcel Usner and Sofia Vallecorsa and Justin Vandenbroucke and Nick van Eijndhoven and Stijn Vanheule and Jakob van Santen and J. Veenkamp and Markus Vehring and Markus Voge and Matthias Vraeghe and Christian Walck and A. Wallace and Marius Wallraff and Nancy Wandkowsky and C. Weaver and C. Wendt and Stefan Westerhoff and B. J. Whelan and Nathan Whitehorn and C. Wichary and Klaus Wiebe and Christopher Wiebusch and Logan Wille and D. R. W. Williams and Henrike Wissing and Martin Wolf and Terri R. Wood and Kurt Woschnagg and D. L. Xu and X. Xu and Y. Xu and Juan Pablo Y{\'a}{\~n}ez and Gaurang B. Yodh and Shigeru Yoshida and Pavel Zarzhitsky and Marcel Zoll},
  journal={The Astrophysical Journal},
  year={2015},
  volume={809},
  pages={98}
}
Evidence for an extraterrestrial flux of high-energy neutrinos has now been found in multiple searches with the IceCube detector. The first solid evidence was provided by a search for neutrino events with deposited energies greater than or similar to 30 TeV and interaction vertices inside the instrumented volume. Recent analyses suggest that the extraterrestrial flux extends to lower energies and is also visible with throughgoing, nu(mu)-induced tracks from the Northern Hemisphere. Here, we… 
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Since the detection of high-energy cosmic neutrinos at the IceCube Neutrino Observatory in 2013, there has been an on-going search to find the origins of this flux. Despite recent evidence
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