A Broken System : The Persistent Patterns of Reversals of Death Sentences in the United States

  title={A Broken System : The Persistent Patterns of Reversals of Death Sentences in the United States},
  author={Andrew Gelman and James S. Liebman and Valerie A West and Alex Kiss},
We collected data on the appeals process for all death sentences in U.S. states between 1973 and 1995. The reversal rate was high, with an estimated chance of at least two-thirds that any death sentence would be overturned by a state or federal appeals court. Multilevel regression models fit to the data by state and year indicate that high reversal rates are strongly associated with higher death-sentencing rates and lower rates of apprehending and imprisoning violent offenders. In light of our… CONTINUE READING


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