A Brief Intervention to Promote Conflict Reappraisal Preserves Marital Quality Over Time

  title={A Brief Intervention to Promote Conflict Reappraisal Preserves Marital Quality Over Time},
  author={Eli J. Finkel and Erica B. Slotter and Laura B. Luchies and Gregory M. Walton and James Jonathan Gross},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  pages={1595 - 1601}
Marital quality is a major contributor to happiness and health. Unfortunately, marital quality normatively declines over time. We tested whether a novel 21-min intervention designed to foster the reappraisal of marital conflicts could preserve marital quality in a sample of 120 couples enrolled in an intensive 2-year study. Half of the couples were randomly assigned to receive the reappraisal intervention in Year 2 (following no intervention in Year 1); half were not. Both groups exhibited… 

Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

Maintenance of Gains in Relationship and Individual Functioning Following the Online OurRelationship Program.
The ability of the OurRelationship program-an 8-hour, primarily self-help program-to create long-lasting improvements in distressed relationships indicates it may have the potential to improve the lives of distressed couples on a broad scale.
Eeffectiveness of brief integrative couples counseling on emotional intimacy and marital quality of couples
Intimacy in marriage can contribute to the well-being of each individual partner in part by an arena in which both partners can satisfy important needs such as emotional need. Marital quality is an
Marital Conflict and Health: The Moderating Roles of Emotion Regulation and Marriage Order
ABSTRACT This study examined differences between first-married and remarried couples in marital conflict, physical and mental health, and the emotion regulation strategies of cognitive reappraisal
A Systematic Review of Controlled Trials Evaluating Interventions Following Non-Marital Relationship Separation
The effect of a relationship separation on wellbeing is substantial. However, without divorce parameters, individuals in dating or cohabiting relationships may struggle to access support mechanisms.
The Effect of Communication Skills Training and Conflict Resolution Tactics on Marital Satisfaction of Married Women in Kermanshah
Background: Communicating skills training is one of the most important ways to enhance the marital adjustment and satisfaction. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of
Relationship problems over the early years of marriage: stability or change?
  • Justin A. Lavner, B. Karney, T. Bradbury
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of family psychology : JFP : journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association
  • 2014
Analysis of changes in marital problems and marital satisfaction over the first 4 years of marriage in a sample of 169 newlywed couples suggests that specific and overall problems in marriage largely remain stable over the newlywed years.
Effects of a brief interpersonal conflict cognitive reappraisal intervention on improvements in access to emotion regulation strategies and depressive symptoms in college students
Promising emerging results for a single-session, conflict-focused, brief cognitive reappraisal intervention on changes in emotion regulation and depressive symptoms are presented.
Forgiveness-reconciliation and communication-conflict-resolution interventions versus retested controls in early married couples.
The Hope-Focused Approach to couple enrichment was presented as two 9-hr interventions--(a) Handling The authors' Problems Effectively (HOPE), which emphasized communication and conflict resolution, and (b) Forgiveness and Reconciliation through Experiencing Empathy (FREE).
Checking up on Couples-A Meta-Analysis of the Effect of Assessment and Feedback on Marital Functioning and Individual Mental Health in Couples.
The results suggest an RC to improve couples' marital functioning up to six-month follow-up, while the effect on individual mental health and repeated delivery of a RC awaits further research.
Dyadic Analysis of Childhood Emotional Maltreatment and Marital Satisfaction During the Transition to Parenthood: The Mediating Effects of Emotion Regulation Strategies and Psychological Distress
ABSTRACT Childhood emotional maltreatment (CEM) has been found to be associated with marital dissatisfaction. However, less attention has been paid to the married couples during the initial


Marital Quality: A Review of the Seventies.
The quality of marital relationships continues to be the most widely studied topic in the field. Trends during the 1970s in research on marital quality and related concepts (happiness, satisfaction,
Psychology and the study of marital processes.
  • J. Gottman
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Annual review of psychology
  • 1998
The progress of research on the study of marriage is discussed, with a conclusion that marital therapy is at a practical and theoretical impasse.
Empirically supported couple and family interventions for marital distress and adult mental health problems.
This article evaluates the efficacy, effectiveness, and clinical significance of empirically supported couple and family interventions for treating marital distress and individual adult disorders,
The relationship between self-distancing and the duration of negative and positive emotional experiences in daily life.
This work operationalizes adaptive self-reflection in terms of a reduction in the intensity of negative emotion, ignoring other important aspects of emotional experience such as emotion duration, and examines the relationship between self-distancing and the duration of daily negative and positive emotions using a daily diary methodology.
Marital Happiness, Marital Duration, and the U-Shaped Curve: Evidence from a Five-Wave Panel Study
Previous research suggests a U-shaped pattern of marital happiness over the life course, with happiness declining in the early years of marriage and rising in the later years. Most prior studies have
The course of marital success and failure in five American 10-year marriage cohorts
Using a repeated cross-sectional design to trace marital success and failure in five American 10-year marriage cohorts from 1973 to 1994 reveals no convincing evidence of an increase in
Prognostic importance of marital quality for survival of congestive heart failure.
Interview and observational measures of marital quality obtained from patients with CHF and their spouses were examined as predictors of patient survival up to 48 months after assessment and compared with prediction based on illness severity.
Marriage and long-term survival after coronary artery bypass grafting.
  • K. King, H. Reis
  • Medicine
    Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
  • 2012
Being married, especially being in a highly satisfying marriage, offered a significant benefit to long-term survival after CABG.
Social-Psychological Interventions in Education
Recent randomized experiments have found that seemingly “small” social-psychological interventions in education—that is, brief exercises that target students’ thoughts, feelings, and beliefs in and
All in the mind's eye? Anger rumination and reappraisal.
Research on rumination has demonstrated that compared with distraction, rumination intensifies and prolongs negative emotion. However, rumination and distraction differ both in what one thinks about