• Corpus ID: 19001137

A Brief History of Bilingual Education in the United States

@inproceedings{Nieto2009ABH,
  title={A Brief History of Bilingual Education in the United States},
  author={David Nieto},
  year={2009}
}
INTRODUCTION In the history of the United States of America, multilingual communities have subsisted side by side. Among the many languages spoken throughout the country, we could mention first all the original Native American languages and then a multitude of languages that immigrants from all over the world have brought into the country. Together with English, Italian, German, Dutch, Polish, French, Spanish, Chinese, and Japanese are just some of the more than two hundred languages that have… 

Bilingual Education in the United States:An Analysis of the Convergence of Policy, Theory and Research

Bilingual education policy in the United States public school system has a long-standing social and political history plagued by a forty-year debate about its goals and effectiveness. Policy has been

Bilingual, ESL, and English Immersion: Educational Models for Limited English Proficient Students in Texas

Education of limited English proficient (LEP) students is important for domestic economic growth, the cohesion of society within the United States, and for maintaining US competitiveness in the

The Effectiveness of Dual Language and Sheltered English Immersion ESOL Programs: A Comparative Study

During the 2005-2006 school year, 20% of students in the United States spoke a language other than English at home. Projected growth of English Language Learners in the United States is that by 2015

Third Space, New Ethnic Identities, and Possible Selves in the Imagined Communities: A Case of Korean Heritage Language Speakers

ABSTRACT The Korean heritage language (HL) speakers exercised their agency to speak Korean HL, and transformed their ambivalent language experiences, caused by the contradictory ideologies of

Language policy, language ideology, and visual art education for emergent bilingual students

ABSTRACT In 1968 the Bilingual Education Act marked the first comprehensive federal intervention in the schooling of language minoritized students by creating financial incentives for bilingual

‘We teach reading this way because it is the model we’ve adopted’: asymmetries in language and literacy policies in a Two‐Way Immersion programme

In the USA there has been widespread growth in Two‐Way Immersion (TWI) programmes in all states, including those who have outlawed bilingual education. The model offers language majority students the

Transitional Bilingual Education and Two-Way Immersion Programs: Comparison of Reading Outcomes for English Learners in the United States

The purpose of this review is to provide a comparison of reading outcomes of the two most popular bilingual programs in the United States: Transitional Bilingual Education and Two-way Bilingual

The Transition Experiences of Students Formally (i.e. Formerly) in Bilingual Education

The type of services ELL students accessed when they transitioned into English speaking classrooms, and the extent to which students adjusted to their classroom settings were explored, confirmed the value and need for bilingual education programs.

“We Took ’Em On”

Like African Americans, Latinos struggled to navigate Boston’s segregated, inequitable school system during the 1960s and 1970s. Latino children confronted many obstacles including language barriers,

Testing and ideology: policy debates about literacy assessments for Colorado’s bilingual students

ABSTRACT The Colorado Reading to Ensure Academic Development Act requires grade-level attainment in literacy in English for students in grades K-3. Its practical outcome, however, has been to
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 73 REFERENCES

Bilingual Education in the United States

When the original thirteen colonies gained their independence from England in 1776 and struggled to become the United States, one of the defining characteristics of the new nation and the lands that

The Colonialism of the English Only Movement

As we enter the new millennium, one of the most pressing challenges facing educators in the United States is the specter of an "ethnic and cultural war," which constitutes, in my view, a code phrase

Language Rights and the Law in the United States: Finding our Voices

A history of language rights - between tolerance and hostility nativism and language restrictions - echoes of the past at the end of the 20th century fulfilling the promise of citizenship - English

Immigration and the Meaning of United States Citizenship: Whiteness and Assimilation

At the outset of the twenty-first century, United States immigration policy has become one of the most pressing issues of our time. In recent years, we have witnessed, among other things, calls for

Thought and language

Since it was introduced to the English-speaking world in 1962, Lev Vygotsky's highly original exploration of human mental development has become recognized as a classic foundational work of cognitive

How Long Does It Take English Learners to Attain Proficiency

One of the most commonly asked questions about the education of language minority students is how long they need special services, such as English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) and bilingual education.

Bilingual Schooling in the United States: A Sourcebook for Educational Personnel

The Educational Imagination is one of the most penetrating, fresh, and useful books in the curriculum field today. If the insights that Eisner shares with the reader were internal ized and practiced

Against the Undertow: Language-Minority Education Policy and Politics in the “Age of Accountability”

This article reviews historical and contemporary policies, ideologies, and educational prescriptions for language-minority students. It notes language and literacy policies historically have been

English Language Learners in U.S. Schools: An Overview of Research Findings

This article reviews findings from scientific research that has been conducted in the United States since 1980 on the educational outcomes of English language learners (ELLs). The studies selected

Structured English Immersion Breakthrough in Teaching Limited-English- Proficient Students

A few Structured English Immersion programs have been developed and tested in the past two decades. The experience of these programs can provide much-needed guidance to California's schools and to
...