A Black Technician and Blue Babies

  title={A Black Technician and Blue Babies},
  author={Stefan Timmermans},
  journal={Social Studies of Science},
  pages={197 - 229}
  • S. Timmermans
  • Published 1 April 2003
  • Medicine
  • Social Studies of Science
In this paper, I discuss the many contributions of a versatile black technician, Vivien Thomas, to surgical animal research between 1930 and 1979 at Vanderbilt University and Johns Hopkins University. Thomas' experimental work led to a surgical solution for a life-threatening heart defect, called tetralogy of Fallot. Children with this condition lack sufficient oxygenation and were referred to as `blue babies'. Following Thomas' research trajectory and his relationship with surgeon Dr Alfred… 

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