A Bitter Pill to Swallow? Patterns of Critical Consciousness and Socioemotional and Academic Well-Being in Early Adolescence

  title={A Bitter Pill to Swallow? Patterns of Critical Consciousness and Socioemotional and Academic Well-Being in Early Adolescence},
  author={Erin B. Godfrey and Esther Burson and Tess M Yanisch and Diane L Hughes and Niobe Way},
  journal={Developmental Psychology},
An increasing body of research on critical consciousness explores how youth understand and react to inequality in their social contexts. The operationalization of critical consciousness remains inchoate, however. Developmental psychology traditionally conceptualizes critical consciousness as three components (critical reflection, political efficacy, and critical action), but how levels of these components combine for different youth or relate to outcomes remains unclear. This article uses… Expand
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