A Biomechanical Analysis of Gait During Pregnancy*

@article{Foti2000ABA,
  title={A Biomechanical Analysis of Gait During Pregnancy*},
  author={Theresa Foti and Jon Robert Davids and Anita M. Bagley},
  journal={The Journal of Bone \& Joint Surgery},
  year={2000},
  volume={82},
  pages={625}
}
Background: There are many anatomical changes during pregnancy that could potentially lead to substantial alterations in gait. Gait deviations may contribute to a variety of musculoskeletal overuse conditions associated with pregnancy, such as low-back, hip, and calf pain. Because we are aware of little research on this topic, the purpose of this study was to objectively analyze gait during pregnancy. Methods: Three-dimensional gait analysis was performed on fifteen women during the second half… Expand

Paper Mentions

Interventional Clinical Trial
The investigators aim to conduct a prospective open label randomized controlled trial to test the hypothesis that following initial assessment by a physiotherapist, group care exercise… Expand
ConditionsPelvic Girdle Pain, Symphysio Pubic Dysfunction
InterventionProcedure
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A finding indicates that there is a tendency to maximize safety in gait during pregnancy, as selected kinematic parameters for pregnant and non-pregnant conditions were compared. Expand
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TLDR
Pregnancy suggests that pregnant women establish very specific and individual strategies with the aim of maintaining stability during gait, and COP parameters were influenced by pregnancy. Expand
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TLDR
The substantial weight gain during pregnancy is compensated almost exclusively by a proportional increase of the muscle force to maintain an unchanged gait pattern, considering the complexity of cerebral and spinal control processes and their interactions. Expand
Plantar Pressure During Gait in Pregnant Women.
TLDR
Pregnant women had altered plantar pressures during gait that could define a specific pattern of gait footprints in late pregnancy because plantar pressure had characteristics that could maintain a stable and safe gait. Expand
Changes in gait and posture as factors of dynamic stability during walking in pregnancy.
TLDR
The results indicate that although the gait kinematics did not differ between the trimesters, significant associations were noted between the step width, the lateral trunk lean, and the medio-lateral deviations in centre of gravity and centre of pressure. Expand
Special footwear designed for pregnant women and its effect on kinematic gait parameters during pregnancy and postpartum period
TLDR
The differences between the control and experimental group at the first data collection session in most of the analysed variables, as well as relatively high standard deviations of analysed variables indicate large individual differences in the gait pattern. Expand
Three-dimensional kinematic adaptations of gait throughout pregnancy and post-partum.
TLDR
The results suggested that pregnant women need to maintain the stability of the body, and become more efficient in locomotion, and the body was self-organized in order to overcome the morphological and physiological changes which women suffer during pregnancy. Expand
Gait in Pregnant Women: Spinal and Lower Extremity Changes From Pre- to Postpartum
TLDR
Gait speed, hip angle, and pelvic tilt in gait changed during pregnancy and then returned to values similar to those before pregnancy by 12 to 16 weeks postpartum. Expand
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