A Behavioral Approach to the Rational Choice Theory of Collective Action: Presidential Address, American Political Science Association, 1997

@article{Ostrom1998ABA,
  title={A Behavioral Approach to the Rational Choice Theory of Collective Action: Presidential Address, American Political Science Association, 1997},
  author={E. Ostrom},
  journal={American Political Science Review},
  year={1998},
  volume={92},
  pages={1 - 22}
}
  • E. Ostrom
  • Published 1 March 1998
  • Psychology
  • American Political Science Review
Extensive empirical evidence and theoretical developments in multiple disciplines stimulate a need to expand the range of rational choice models to be used as a foundation for the study of social dilemmas and collective action. After an introduction to the problem of overcoming social dilemmas through collective action, the remainder of this article is divided into six sections. The first briefly reviews the theoretical predictions of currently accepted rational choice theory related to social… 

Paradigm Shift: From Rational Choice to Perspective

Rational choice theory can be replaced as the leading paradigm in political science by the theory of perspective, which argues that how we see ourselves in relation to others sets and delineates the

Social Construction of Rational Self-Interest: The Case of Business Improvement Districts

Everybody – or at least every policy analyst – knows that the logic of collective action is such that individuals' self-interested rationality inevitably leads to collective irrationality: Dominant

Social Traps and the Problem of Trust: On the rational choice of culture

Culture, rationality, and social traps Should the variation in the problem of social traps be understood by reference to inherited cultural traits or by reference to individual rationality? Do people

Public Opinion, Rational Choice and the New Institutionalism: Rational Choice as a Critical Theory of the Link Between Public Opinion and Public Policy

Studies on the nature of public opinion and its impact on public policy, while borrowing from Rational Choice’s methodological individualism and rational actor assumptions, often fail to take into

Beyond the Tragedy of the Commons: A Discussion of Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action

  • M. Levi
  • Economics
    Perspectives on Politics
  • 2010
A defining problem of social science is social order. The puzzle of how to initiate and sustain the kinds of cooperation that produce and reproduce well-functioning societies has long been a

An Evolutionary Theory of Commons Management

Our aim in this chapter is to draw lessons from current theory on the evolution of human cooperation for the management of contemporary commons. Evolutionary theorists have long been interested in

When Do Leaders Free-Ride? Business Experience and Contributions to Collective Defense

The logic of free-riding expects that individuals will under-invest in public goods, but people often behave in ways that are inconsistent with this prediction. Why do we observe variation in

Stuck in the Pleistocene: Rationality and Evolved Social Roles

TLDR
It is argued that an evolutionary psychological perspective could be useful for developing second-generation models of rationality, which recognize the use of heuristics, norms, and rules, and are able to better account for empirical findings.

Collective Action Theory and the Dynamics of Complex Societies

Collective action theory, as formulated in the social sciences, posits rational social actors who regularly assess the actions of others to inform their own decisions to cooperate. In anthropological
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 189 REFERENCES

The Limits of Rationality

Prevailing economic theory presumes that agents act rationally when they make decisions, striving to maximize the efficient use of their resources. Psychology has repeatedly challenged the rational

THE LOGIC OF COLLECTIVE ACTION: PUBLIC GOODS AND THE THEORY OF GROUPS. By Mancur Olson, Jr. Rev. ed. New York: Schocken Books, 1971. 184 pp. $2.45

This book develops an original theory of group and organizational behavior that cuts across disciplinary lines and illustrates the theory with empirical and historical studies of particular

The Possibility of Cooperation@@@Cooperation: The Basis of Sociability.@@@Cooperation and Prosocial Behavior.@@@Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action.

The governance of natural resources used by many individuals in common is an issue of increasing concern to policy analysts. Both state control and privatisation of resources have been advocated, but

BOUNDED RATIONALITY

Findings from behavioral organization theory, behavioral decision theory, survey research, and experimental economics leave no doubt about the failure of rational choice as a descriptive model of

The cooperator's dilemma

In The Cooperator's Dilemma , Mark Lichbach provides an up-to-date and complete evaluation of the collective-action approach. A special strength of the work is that it integrates in a unique way both

Social dilemmas and cooperation

Social orientation analysis of the common and individual interest problems.- Toward more locomotion in experimental games.- Individual reasoning process in the participation game with period.- The

Perspectives on public choice : a handbook

1. Public choice in perspective Dennis C. Mueller Part I. The Need for and Forms of Cooperation: 2. Economic theories of the state Russell Hardin 3. Neither markets nor states: linking transformation

Cooperation, Communication and Communitarianism: An Experimental Approach*

The Prisoner’s Dilemma, which for economists represents the quintessential problem of cooperation, suggests that at least in one-shot games individuals ought not cooperate but rather play the

Institutional Structure and the Logic of Ongoing Collective Action

Work by Axelrod, Hardin, and Taylor indicates that problems of repeated collective action may lessen if people use decentralized strategies of reciprocity to induce mutual cooperation. Hobbes's

Politician's Dilemma: Building State Capacity in Latin America

In Latin America as elsewhere, politicians routinely face a painful dilemma: whether to use state resources for national purposes, especially those that foster economic development, or to channel
...