A BPA Approach to the Shroud of Turin

  title={A BPA Approach to the Shroud of Turin},
  author={Matteo Borrini and Luigi Garlaschelli},
  journal={Journal of Forensic Sciences},
An investigation into the arm and body position required to obtain the blood pattern visible in the image of the Shroud of Turin was performed using a living volunteer. The two short rivulets on the back of the left hand of the Shroud are only consistent with a standing subject with arms at a ca 45° angle. This angle is different from that necessary for the forearm stains, which require nearly vertical arms for a standing subject. The BPA of blood visible on the frontal side of the chest (the… 

Why is the Turin Shroud Not Fake?

  • G. Fanti
  • Physics
    Global Journal of Archaeology & Anthropology
  • 2018
problem in the that often too simplistic tests are performed they not the actual wrapping of the Shroud around a body placed in a position not perfectly supine for the cadaveric rigidity assumed on

Commentary on: Borrini M, Garlaschelli L. A BPA Approach to the Shroud of Turin. J Forensic Sci 2019;64(1):137–43.

The present study represents the first proper experimental Bloodstain Pattern Analysis (BPA) performed to better understand the evidence on the Turin Shroud and the behavior of the blood flowing from the wounds of a crucified individual.

Signos de Vida en la Figura de la Síndone de Turín

The image on the Shroud of Turin shows both signs of death and life in a person whose image was imprinted when he was alive, if this is a fraud case, it should be considered as an artwork performed by a genius with medical, forensic and image processing knowledge from at least the XX century.

Authors’ Response

It has been truthfully demonstrated that blood, like other liquids, behaves in accordance with established laws of physics and consequently “bloodstain patterns on human skin are essentially no different than they are on floors, walls or other surfaces” and the idea that temperature and humidity can influence the results of the authors' experiments is specious and scientifically unfounded.

Commentary on: Borrini M, Garlaschelli L. A BPA approach to the Shroud of Turin. J Forensic Sci 2019;64(1):137–43.

It is concerns that the methods used by Borrini and Garlaschelli are subjective, simplistic, and limited to oversimplified hypotheses, and the results described in the authors’ study do not seem to support their conclusions.

The Shroud Body Image Generation. Immanent or Transcendent Action?

In this article, we shall study the mechanism of the Shroud body image formation with the help of both natural sciences and religion. The various possibilities can be divided into three groups of

Authors' Response

The SGPUHSTS authors are pleased to answer the points raised by the group, and think there is misunderstanding of the BPA analysis due to their lack of forensic scientific expertise.

Commentary On: Borrini M, Garlaschelli L. A BPA approach to the Shroud of Turin. J Forensic Sci https://doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13867. Epub 2018 July 10.

Sir, The paper, A BPA Approach to the Shroud of Turin (1), was published by the Journal of Forensic Sciences (available via Early View on July 10, 2018), documenting a Bloodstain Pattern Analysis

Authors’ Response

In this reply, Hermosilla and Rucker try to briefly summarize the studies that allegedly prove not only the authenticity of the Shroud of Turin but also that “the body was probably that of Jesus,” but it is not thought that these arguments are relevant for a review of the experimental Bloodstain Pattern Analysis.



How was the Turin Shroud Man crucified?

Medical Theories on the Cause of Death in Crucifixion

  • J. Scotson
  • Medicine
    Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
  • 2006
I write as one who for many years has taken in the Shroud of Turin; and who has visited Turin twice to see this piece of linen bearing on its surface the imprints of a man whose body has been

A Chemical Investigation of the Shroud of Turin

Michrochemical testing of materials recovered on “sticky” tape samples taken from the Shroud of Turin indicated that the image was produced by some dehydrative oxidative process of the cellulose structure of the linen to yield a conjugated carbonyl group as the chromophore.

Scourge bloodstains on the Turin Shroud : an evidence for different instruments used

Scourging bloodstains on the Shroud of Turin have always been grouped together without distinction. Image processing and contrast enhancement of the 2000 Gian Durante photos allowed distinction of

Life-size Reproduction of the Shroud of Turin and its Image

The Shroud of Turin, although carbon-dated between 1260 and 1390 C.E., is believed by many to be the real burial cloth of Jesus on the basis of other evidence. Part of the controversy arises from the

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More than 600 years ago a 14-foot length of linen suddenly appeared in the pages of history. Showing full-size back and front images of a crucified man, it was exhibited, and accepted by the general

Investigating the color of the blood stains on archaeological cloths: the case of the Shroud of Turin.

The strength of two hypotheses (namely, the presence of carboxyhemoglobin and the long-term influence of ultraviolet light on high-bilirubin blood) are tested by the spectral reflectance of the blood stained regions on the Shroud and by color analyses of ultraviolet irradiated high- BilirubIn blood stains on linen.

Rigor Mortis and News obtained by the Body’s Scientific Reconstruction of the Turin Shroud Man

After various tentative to artistically build a tridimensional form of the Turin Shroud (TS) Man, the authors faced the problem of the scientific construction of a 3D model of this Man with an

Execution by crucifixion. History, methods and cause of death.

Crucifixion, as a method of execution was practiced in many cultures before it was outlawed in the Roman Empire by Constantine in 341 C.E., but it has been used sporadically since then. Recent