A BIOLOGICAL INTERPRETATION OF MORAL SYSTEMS

@article{Alexander1985ABI,
  title={A BIOLOGICAL INTERPRETATION OF MORAL SYSTEMS},
  author={R. D. Alexander},
  journal={Zygon},
  year={1985},
  volume={20},
  pages={3-20}
}
Moral systems are described as systems of indirect reci- procity, existing because of histories of conflicts of interest and arising as outcomes of the complexity of social interactions in groups of long-lived individuals with varying conflicts and conflu- ences of interest and indefinitely iterated social interactions. Al- though morality is commonly defined as involving justice for all people, or consistency in the social treatment of all humans, it may have arisen for immoral reasons, as a… Expand
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