A Aging and Attention

  title={A Aging and Attention},
  author={Eric Ruthruff and Mei-Ching Lien},
In everyday life, people often refer to attention as if it were a single, unitary thing, such as a vat of energy that can be spread across stimuli or tasks. Research suggests otherwise (Nobre and Kastner 2014). There appear to be many different limited mental resources associated with different brain networks and pertaining to different levels of processing (e.g., spatial vs. central) that can be utilized in multiple ways (e.g., activation, inhibition, control). For example, one can apply extra… 
Dual Task Effects on Visual Attention Capacity in Normal Aging
The results show that the age-specific effects of motor-cognitive dual task interference are reflected by a stronger decline of VSTM storage capacity, which supports an interpretation of V STM as central attentional capacity,Which is shared across visual uptake and concurrent motor performance.
Differences in Rhythmic Neural Activity Supporting the Temporal and Spatial Cueing of Attention.
The results suggest that the oscillatory dynamics supporting attentional orienting are spectrally and anatomically specific, such that spatial orienting is served by stronger alpha oscillations in attention regions, whereas temporalorienting is associated with stronger theta responses in visual sensory regions.
Motor-cognitive dual task performance: a neuro-cognitive approach investigating age-related differences based on the "Theory of Visual Attention"
Although an inherent part of everyday life, motor-cognitive dual-tasking - the ability to perform a cognitive and motor task simultaneously - still has many open questions. The mechanisms underlying
Visual word recognition across the adult lifespan.
A remarkable stability in the influence of a diverse set of variables on visual word recognition across the adult age spectrum is found, with implications for current models of visual word Recognition.
Individual differences in reasoning and visuospatial attention are associated with prefrontal and parietal white matter tracts in healthy older adults.
In older adults, prefrontal cortex white matter tracts and interhemispheric communication are important in higher order cognitive functioning, and right-sided fronto-parietal tracts appear to be critical for supporting control of cognitive processes, such as redirecting attention.
Some further clarifications on age-related differences in Stroop interference
Standard interpretations of age-related differences in Stroop interference and a more general issue of how attentional selectivity actually operates in the Stroop task are reconsidered in this paper.
Synergistic effects of cognitive training and physical exercise on dual-task performance in older adults.
  • L. Bherer, C. Gagnon, A. Kramer
  • Psychology
    The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences
  • 2020
Results suggest that the combination of cognitive and physical training protocols exerted a synergistic effect on task-set cost which reflects the cost of maintaining multiple response alternatives, whereas cognitive training specifically improved dual-task cost, whichreflects the ability of synchronizing concurrent tasks.
Improving reading strategy knowledge in young children: what self-report questionnaires can reveal
espanolEn los ultimos 25 anos, el estudio sobre estrategias de aprendizaje ha sido foco de interes en investigacion, sobre todo para conocer el uso que los aprendices de una primera (L1) o una


Attentional capture and aging: implications for visual search performance and oculomotor control.
Two studies examined potential age-related differences in attentional capture. Subjects were instructed to move their eyes as quickly as possible to a color singleton target and to identify a small
Aging and Executive Control: Reports of a Demise Greatly Exaggerated
  • P. Verhaeghen
  • Psychology, Biology
    Current directions in psychological science
  • 2011
The purported decline in executive control with advancing age is clearly not general, and it may ultimately play only a small role in explaining age-related deficits in complex cognition.
Aging and involuntary attention capture: electrophysiological evidence for preserved attentional control with advanced age.
The ability to attend to relevant stimuli and resist capture by salient-but-irrelevant stimuli is preserved with advancing age, and this effect was not diminished by the presence of an abrupt onset.
Lost ability to automatize task performance in old age
A qualitative change with age is demonstrated, in which older adults lose the ability to automatize novel tasks, which cannot be attributed merely to generalized cognitive slowing.
The processing-speed theory of adult age differences in cognition.
A theory is proposed that increased age in adulthood is associated with a decrease in the speed with which many processing operations can be executed and that this reduction in speed leads to impairments in cognitive functioning because of what are termed the limited time mechanism and the simultaneity mechanism.
A theory of cognitive control, aging cognition, and neuromodulation
Adult age differences in the functional neuroanatomy of visual attention: A combined fMRI and DTI study
Flanker interference in young and older participants as reflected in event-related potentials
Age differences in stroop-like interference as a function of semantic relatedness
Abstract The disinhibition hypothesis advanced by Hasher and Zacks (1988) predicts a faulty inhibitory mechanism resulting in “increased breadth of activation of nongoal path ideas” with aging (p.
Visual word recognition without central attention: evidence for greater automaticity with advancing age.
The authors conclude that greater cumulative experience with lexical processing leads to greater automaticity, allowing older adults to more efficiently perform this stage in parallel with another task.