A 700-bp fragment of the human antithrombin III promoter is sufficient to confer high, tissue-specific expression on human apolipoprotein A-II in transgenic mice.

Abstract

The human antithrombin III-encoding gene (hAT-III) promoter (phAT-III) was used to generate transgenic mice producing a human hepatic apolipoprotein, apolipoprotein A-II (hApoA-II). Integration of the transgene into the mouse genome resulted in the efficient production of hApoA-II in plasma, reaching up to 0.40 g/l in two transgenic lines. The human ApoA-II mRNA was detected at high levels, both in the liver and in the kidney of transgenic mice. The rat AT-III gene shows the same expression pattern. In contrast, as previously described, the same promoter permitted the expression of the SV40 large T antigen only in the liver of transgenic mice. In view of the extra-hepatic distribution of the ApoA-II mRNA, a preliminary characterization of the hAT-III proximal promoter (phAT-III), driving the expression of the transgene, was realized. Using DNase I footprinting analysis with liver nuclear extracts, four protected regions (I-IV) were identified in the first 175 bp of the 5' region of hAT-III. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays performed with liver and kidney nuclear extracts indicate that region III (nucleotides (nt) -67 to -90) interacts with the liver-enriched HNF4 nuclear factor. Furthermore, our data suggest that region I (nt -123 to -138) interacts with the liver-enriched HNF3 transcription factor family, both in liver and kidney. Taken together, these results demonstrate that phAT-III is a useful tool to create transgenic mice producing high plasma levels of a human apolipoprotein due to expression of the transgene in liver and kidney.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Cite this paper

@article{Tremp1995A7F, title={A 700-bp fragment of the human antithrombin III promoter is sufficient to confer high, tissue-specific expression on human apolipoprotein A-II in transgenic mice.}, author={Gunter Tremp and Nathalie Duchange and Didier Branellec and S. Cereghini and Anne Tailleux and Laurence Berthou and Catherine Fi{\'e}vet and Nathalie Touchet and Brigitte Schombert and Jean-charles Fruchart}, journal={Gene}, year={1995}, volume={156 2}, pages={199-205} }