A 51,000-year-old engraved bone reveals Neanderthals' capacity for symbolic behaviour.

@article{Leder2021A5E,
  title={A 51,000-year-old engraved bone reveals Neanderthals' capacity for symbolic behaviour.},
  author={Dirk Leder and Raphael Hermann and Matthias H{\"u}ls and Gabriele Russo and Philipp Hoelzmann and Ralf Nielbock and Utz B{\"o}hner and Jens Lehmann and Michael Meier and Antje Schwalb and Andrea Tr{\"o}ller-Reimer and Tim Koddenberg and Thomas Terberger},
  journal={Nature ecology \& evolution},
  year={2021}
}
While there is substantial evidence for art and symbolic behaviour in early Homo sapiens across Africa and Eurasia, similar evidence connected to Neanderthals is sparse and often contested in scientific debates. Each new discovery is thus crucial for our understanding of Neanderthals' cognitive capacity. Here we report on the discovery of an at least 51,000-year-old engraved giant deer phalanx found at the former cave entrance of Einhornhöhle, northern Germany. The find comes from an apparent… 
5 Citations
Neural correlates of perceiving and interpreting engraved prehistoric patterns as human production: effect of archaeological expertise
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The attribution of a natural rather than human origin to the marks elicited greater activity in the salience network in both groups, reflecting the uncertainty and ambiguity in the perception of, and decision-making for, natural patterns.
The Saliency of Snake Scales and Leopard Rosettes to Infants: Its Relevance to Graphical Patterns Portrayed in Prehistoric Art
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Evidence that these biological patterns are salient to infants during an early period of brain development might characterize the integration of subcortical and neocortical visual processes known to be involved in snake recognition.
News Feature: What was the first “art”? How would we know?
Boning up on Neanderthal art.
  • S. Bello
  • Art
    Nature ecology & evolution
  • 2021

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