A 3D-printed functioning anatomical human middle ear model.

  title={A 3D-printed functioning anatomical human middle ear model.},
  author={Ismail Kuru and Hannes Maier and Mathias M{\"u}ller and Thomas Lenarz and Tim L{\"u}th},
  journal={Hearing research},
The middle ear is a sophisticated and complex structure with a variety of functions, yet a delicate organ prone to injuries due to various reasons. Both, understanding and reconstructing its functions has always been an important topic for researchers from medical and technical background. Currently, human temporal bones are generally used as model for tests, experiments and validation of the numerical results. However, fresh human preparations are not always easily accessible and their… CONTINUE READING