A 17,000-year glacio-eustatic sea level record: influence of glacial melting rates on the Younger Dryas event and deep-ocean circulation

  title={A 17,000-year glacio-eustatic sea level record: influence of glacial melting rates on the Younger Dryas event and deep-ocean circulation},
  author={Richard G. Fairbanks},
  • R. Fairbanks
  • Published 1 December 1989
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • Nature
Coral reefs drilled offshore of Barbados provide the first continuous and detailed record of sea level change during the last deglaciation. The sea level was 121 ± 5 metres below present level during the last glacial maximum. The deglacial sea level rise was not monotonic; rather, it was marked by two intervals of rapid rise. Varying rates of melt-water discharge to the North Atlantic surface ocean dramatically affected North Atlantic deep-water production and oceanic oxygen isotope chemistry… 
Global meltwater discharge and the deglacial sea‐level record from northwest Scotland
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Rapid flooding of the sunda shelf: A late-glacial sea-level record
The increase in sea level from the last glacial maximum has been derived from a siliciclastic system on the tectonically stable Sunda Shelf in Southeast Asia, and the record generally confirms sea-level reconstructions from coral reefs.
Millennial-scale instability of the antarctic ice sheet during the last glaciation
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North Atlantic Sea Surface Salinity, Ice Melting and Abrupt Climatic Changes
Two Continuous high-resolution records of sea surface temperature and salinity changes during the last 18,000 years have been derived from micropaleontological and stable isotope records of
Shelf sand supply determined by glacial-age sea-level modes, submerged coastlines and wave climate
The south-east Australian shelf configuration when sea level was 40 and 60 m below present-day sea-level is determined, and the wave climate variations influencing the sediment transport pathways over this period are resolved.
Oxygen isotope records and salinity changes in the northeastern Atlantic ocean during the last 18,000 years
A comparison of the deglaciation δ18O record of northeastern Atlantic core SU 81-18 with that calculated by adding the δ18O changes due to sea surface temperature and ice volume variations shows that
Ice Sheet and Solid Earth Influences on Far-Field Sea-Level Histories
It is demonstrated that a model of glacial isostatic adjustment characterized by both a high-viscosity lower mantle and a large contribution from the Antarctic ice sheet to meltwater pulse IA resolves discrepancies in predicted sea-level change.


North Atlantic thermohaline circulation during the past 20,000 years linked to high-latitude surface temperature
During a surface cooling event 10,000 to 12,000 years ago, higher Cd/Ca and lower 13C/12C ratios are observed in benthic foraminifera shells from rapidly accumulating western North Atlantic
A Climate Model Intercomparison for the Younger Dryas and its Implications for Paleoclimatic Data Collection
It has been suggested by a number of paleoclimatologists that formation of a low salinity meltwater layer in the North Atlantic ocean during the period(s) of most rapid volumetric glacial retreat
Glacial/Interglacial response rate of subpolar North Atlantic waters to climatic change: the record in oceanic sediments
Estimated rates of response of northeast Atlantic surface waters to large-scale palaeoclimatic changes have been reconstructed in two forms: (1) as changes through time of estimated temperature at
Oceanic mechanisms for amplification of the 23,000-year ice-volume cycle.
Spectral data indicate that the oceanic moisture and sea-level feedbacks, in part controlled by glacial melt products, amplify Milankovitch (insolation) forcing of the volumetrically dominant mid-latitude ice sheets at the 23,000-year precessional cycle.
The abrupt termination of the Younger Dryas climate event
PREVIOUS studies on two deep Greenland ice cores have shown that a long series of climate oscillations characterized the late Weichselian glaciation in the North Atlantic region1, and that the last
The chronology of the last deglaciation: implications to the cause of the Younger Dryas event
It has long been recognized that the transition from the last glacial to the present interglacial was punctuated by a brief and intense return to cold conditions. This extraordinary event, referred
Routing of meltwater from the Laurentide Ice Sheet during the Younger Dryas cold episode
ROOTH1 proposed that the Younger Dryas cold episode, which chilled the North Atlantic region from 11,000 to 10,000 yr BP, was initiated by a diversion of meltwater from the Mississippi drainage to