A 14C chronology for the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition at Bacho Kiro Cave, Bulgaria

@article{Fewlass2020A1C,
  title={A 14C chronology for the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition at Bacho Kiro Cave, Bulgaria},
  author={Helen Fewlass and Sahra Talamo and Lukas Wacker and Bernd Kromer and Thibaut Tuna and Y Fagault and Edouard Bard and Shannon P. McPherron and Vera Aldeias and Raquel Maria and Naomi L. Martisius and Lindsay Paskulin and Željko Re{\vz}ek and Virginie Sinet-Mathiot and Svoboda Sirakova and Geoffrey M. Smith and Rosen Spasov and Frido Welker and Nikolay V. Sirakov and Tsenka Tsanova and Jean-Jacques Hublin},
  journal={Nature Ecology \& Evolution},
  year={2020},
  volume={4},
  pages={794 - 801}
}
The stratigraphy at Bacho Kiro Cave, Bulgaria, spans the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition, including an Initial Upper Palaeolithic (IUP) assemblage argued to represent the earliest arrival of Upper Palaeolithic Homo sapiens in Europe. We applied the latest techniques in 14C dating to an extensive dataset of newly excavated animal and human bones to produce a robust, high-precision radiocarbon chronology for the site. At the base of the stratigraphy, the Middle Palaeolithic (MP… 
Initial Upper Palaeolithic Homo sapiens from Bacho Kiro Cave, Bulgaria
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Direct dates for human remains found in association with Initial Upper Palaeolithic artefacts at Bacho Kiro Cave (Bulgaria) demonstrate the presence of Homo sapiens in the mid-latitudes of Europe before 45 thousand years ago.
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