A 10-year retrospective study on benzocaine allergy in the United Kingdom.

@article{Sidhu1999A1R,
  title={A 10-year retrospective study on benzocaine allergy in the United Kingdom.},
  author={Simmi Sidhu and Stephanie Shaw and John D. Wilkinson},
  journal={American journal of contact dermatitis : official journal of the American Contact Dermatitis Society},
  year={1999},
  volume={10 2},
  pages={
          57-61
        }
}
  • S. Sidhu, S. Shaw, J. Wilkinson
  • Published 1 June 1999
  • Medicine, Biology, Chemistry
  • American journal of contact dermatitis : official journal of the American Contact Dermatitis Society
Patch‐Test Reactions to Topical Anesthetics: Retrospective Analysis of Cross‐Sectional Data, 2001 to 2004
TLDR
Over 50% of allergic reactions to topical anesthetics in this study would have been missed had benzocaine been used as a single screening agent, and cross‐reactivity patterns were not consistent with structural groups.
Lidocaine Contact Allergy Is Becoming More Prevalent
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Investigating the epidemiology of topical anesthetic ACD in British Columbia, Canada and providing an approach for clinicians to deal with this problem found the proportion of ACD caused by lidocaine is higher than expected.
Hypersensitivity to local anaesthetics – update and proposal of evaluation algorithm
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This review attempts to generate a comprehensive update on allergic reactions to LA and to present an algorithm that can be used for the evaluation of patients suspected with immediate‐ and delayed‐type immune reactions.
Cocaine Allergy in Drug-Dependent Patients and Allergic People.
Cross‐reactions among Parabens, para‐Phenylenediamine, and Benzocaine: A Retrospective Analysis of Patch Testing
TLDR
The study demonstrated that the rate of cross‐reactions to parabens in PPD‐ and benzocaine‐positive patients combined is 2%, which is significant in the tested population but still falls within the previously reported rates of sensitivity to parbens in the general population.
Long-term trend in patch test reactions: a 32-year statistical overview (1970–2002), part II
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A significant increase in positive reactions with carbamates, balsam of Peru, thimerosal, formaldehyde, imidazolidinyl urea, and methyldibromoglutaronitrile is observed and the rates of positive reactions to Dimethylol dimethyl (DMDM) hydantoin, diazolidinyl Urea,and methylchloroisothiazolone/methylisothiazoledone remained unchanged.
Contact Dermatitis to Medications and Skin Products
TLDR
This review looks at various allergens in consumer products and reports current allergic contact dermatitis incidence and trends in North America, Europe, and Asia and examines the ingredients in the excipients of these products.
Allergens (Patch Test Studies) from the European Baseline Series
TLDR
All areas of skin that are in contact with the allergen develop the rash, and the rash will disappear if you avoidcontact with the substance.
Allergic contact stomatitis.
TLDR
Allergic contact stomatitis from the benzocainecontaining Orabase paste was considered the cause of the painful oral blisters because the condition resolved when use of the product was discontinued.
‘Deep impact’ contact allergy after subcutaneous injection of local anesthetics
TLDR
A patient received injections of dexamethasone (LipotalonA) and lidocaine (LidojectA), and with 2 antirheumatic ointments containing phenylbutazone and dexamETHasone, respectively, 2 days after each set of injections, he developed itching, swelling, erythema and papules, lasting at least 4 days, at the injection sites.
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It is recommended that a non‐irritant ‘caine mix’containing benzocaine, cinchocaine and amethocaine should be included in the standard patch test series for the U.K.
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