A ‘Virtual Third Chamber’ for the European Union? National Parliaments after the Treaty of Lisbon

  title={A ‘Virtual Third Chamber’ for the European Union? National Parliaments after the Treaty of Lisbon},
  author={Ian Cooper},
  journal={West European Politics},
  pages={441 - 465}
  • I. Cooper
  • Published 16 April 2012
  • Political Science
  • West European Politics
The Treaty of Lisbon introduces an early warning mechanism (EWM) which empowers national parliaments to intervene directly at the EU level; they may now raise objections to – and even play a role in blocking – EU legislation. The EWM represents a new model of parliamentary involvement in international relations: national parliaments now constitute a virtual third chamber for the EU. Though they do not meet together in the same physical space, national parliaments collectively form a body that… 
Participation by national parliaments in the EU legislative process
Europeanisation has marginalised national parliaments and their democratic practices leading to a ‘de-parliamentarisation’ within the EU. The Treaty of Lisbon included substantive provisions designed
Bicameral or Tricameral? National Parliaments and Representative Democracy in the European Union
Abstract The Treaty of Lisbon defines the European Parliament and the Council as the principal institutional actors of ‘representative democracy’ in the EU, thus endorsing an essentially ‘bicameral’
Multi-arena players in the making? Conceptualizing the role of national parliaments since the Lisbon Treaty
ABSTRACT Over the last years, the role of national parliaments (NPs) in the European Union (EU) has been upgraded in several ways, most importantly through the Early Warning System (EWS) and a new
National Parliaments in EU Policy-Making: When Do They Make a Difference
In 2009, the Lisbon Treaty introduced new roles for national parliaments in EU decision-making with the aim of increasing democratic legitimacy in the EU. One key role was deemed to be the ability to
National Parliaments as Multi-Arena-Players: A New Deliberative Role Within the EU Multilevel System?
  • Katrin Auel
  • Political Science
    Configurations, Dynamics and Mechanisms of Multilevel Governance
  • 2019
The Lisbon Treaty strengthened in the EU multilevel system in several ways, for example through the Early Warning System (EWS) and a stronger focus on inter-parliamentary cooperation. These
After Lisbon -- A Revival of National Parliaments by Reasoned Opinions?
The Treaty of Lisbon installed an Early Warning System (EWS) for the principle of subsidiarity. The EWS enables the chambers of national parliaments to challenge EU legislation within the field of
National parliaments as ‘multi-arena players’ in the European Union? Insights into Poland and France
ABSTRACT Have national parliaments become ‘multi-arena players’ in the field of EU affairs? Through the means of cross-country comparison of Poland and France this study probes how national
A yellow card for the striker: national parliaments and the defeat of EU legislation on the right to strike
ABSTRACT In May 2012 national parliaments of the European Union (EU) issued their first yellow card under the Early Warning Mechanism of the Treaty of Lisbon. A sufficient number of them raised
The EU’s Multilevel Parliamentary (Battle)Field: Inter-parliamentary Cooperation and Conflict in Foreign and Security Policy
The Treaty of Lisbon has been dubbed ‘the Treaty of Parliaments’, as it upgraded the position of both the European Parliament and of national parliaments within the institutional system of the EU.
National parliaments in the democratic politics of the EU: the subsidiarity early warning mechanism, 2009–2017
  • I. Cooper
  • Political Science
    Comparative European Politics
  • 2018
With the Early Warning Mechanism (EWM), the Treaty of Lisbon empowered national parliaments to collectively intervene in the EU’s legislative process. Yet at first glance their impact seems to have


The Multilevel Parliamentary Field: a framework for theorizing representative democracy in the EU
This article introduces the concept of the ‘Multilevel Parliamentary Field’ as a means for analysing the structure of democratic representation in the European Union (EU). This concept is warranted
National Parliaments in the EU’s Composite Constitution: a Plea for a Shift in Paradigm
In this essay I explore the meaning and implications of two paradigms for the role which national parliaments can play within the European Union’s constitutional order. The first paradigm conceives
National parliaments within the enlarged European Union : from 'victims' of integration to competitive actors?
1. Introduction: Deparliamentarization Through European Integration? Part 1: National Parliaments and European Integration 2. Accountability through National Parliaments: Practice and Problems 3.
National Parliaments and European Integration: What We Know and Agenda for Future Research
The role of national legislatures in European integration first received serious attention in the mid-1990s in connection with debates on the EU's democratic deficit. Since then, both academics and
The Watchdogs of Subsidiarity: National Parliaments and the Logic of Arguing in the EU
The 2004 Constitutional Treaty features an 'early warning system' (EWS) in which national parliaments will scrutinize European legislative proposals to assess whether they comply with the principle
Democratic Accountability and National Parliaments: Redefining the Impact of Parliamentary Scrutiny in EU Affairs
The question of strengths and weaknesses of national parliaments in EU affairs, one of the most salient in the debate on the democratic legitimacy of the EU, is generally answered by assessing formal
The power of the European Parliament as a conditional agenda setter
he European Parliament under the current cooperation procedure has an important power: it can make proposals that, if accepted by the Commission of the European Communities, are easier for the
The power of opposition parliamentary party groups in European scrutiny
This paper investigates the power of opposition parliamentary party groups when scrutinising their governments' decision-making concerning European Union issues, an important component in assuring
The Treaty of Lisbon, the National Parliaments and the Principle of Subsidiarity
This article critically analyses the provisions of the Treaty of Lisbon that are designed to enhance the involvement of national parliaments in the European Union. It compares the rights offered to
The composition of the directly elected European Parliament does not precisely reflect the 'real' balance of political forces in the European Community. As long as the national political systems