A ‘Virtual Third Chamber’ for the European Union? National Parliaments after the Treaty of Lisbon

@article{Cooper2012AT,
  title={A ‘Virtual Third Chamber’ for the European Union? National Parliaments after the Treaty of Lisbon},
  author={Ian Cooper},
  journal={West European Politics},
  year={2012},
  volume={35},
  pages={441 - 465}
}
  • I. Cooper
  • Published 16 April 2012
  • Political Science
  • West European Politics
The Treaty of Lisbon introduces an early warning mechanism (EWM) which empowers national parliaments to intervene directly at the EU level; they may now raise objections to – and even play a role in blocking – EU legislation. The EWM represents a new model of parliamentary involvement in international relations: national parliaments now constitute a virtual third chamber for the EU. Though they do not meet together in the same physical space, national parliaments collectively form a body that… 
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With the Early Warning Mechanism (EWM), the Treaty of Lisbon empowered national parliaments to collectively intervene in the EU’s legislative process. Yet at first glance their impact seems to have
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