99 fJ/(bit$\cdot$ km) Energy to Data-Distance Ratio at 17 Gb/s Across 1 km of Multimode Optical Fiber With 850-nm Single-Mode VCSELs

@article{Moser201299FK,
  title={99 fJ/(bit\$\cdot\$ km) Energy to Data-Distance Ratio at 17 Gb/s Across 1 km of Multimode Optical Fiber With 850-nm Single-Mode VCSELs},
  author={Philip Moser and J. A. Lott and Philip Wolf and Gunter Larisch and Alexey S Payusov and N. N. Ledentsov and Werner H. E. Hofmann and Dieter Bimberg},
  journal={IEEE Photonics Technology Letters},
  year={2012},
  volume={24},
  pages={19-21}
}
We present extremely energy-efficient oxide-confined 850-nm single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) for optical interconnects. Error-free transmission at 17 Gb/s across 1 km of multimode optical fiber is achieved with an ultra-low energy-to-data ratio of 99 fJ/bit, corresponding to a record-low energy-to-data-distance ratio of 99 fJ/(bit ·km). This performance is achieved without changing any of the driving parameters up to 55 °C. To date our VCSELs are the most energy… CONTINUE READING
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