65-nm CMOS Dual-Gate Device for <formula formulatype="inline"> <tex Notation="TeX">$Ka$</tex></formula>-Band Broadband Low-Noise Amplifier and High-Accuracy Quadrature Voltage-Controlled Oscillator

Abstract

Design and analysis of a two-stage low-noise amplifier (LNA) and a bottom-series coupled quadrature voltage-controlled oscillator (QVCO) using a 65-nm CMOS dual-gate device are present in this paper. By using the proposed dual-gate device, the parasitic capacitance and the effective substrate resistance can be reduced. Moreover, the 3-dB cutoff frequency can be extended due to the reduction of the Miller effect. The bandwidth of the dual-gate LNA is investigated to compare with the conventional cascode configuration. Besides, the operation principle of the quadrature signal generation using the dual-gate device is also presented for the QVCO design. The two-stage dual-gate LNA demonstrates a flat 3-dB bandwidth of 7.3 GHz from 19.4 to 26.7 GHz and a maximum gain of 18.9 dB. At 24 GHz, the measured minimum noise figure is 4.7 dB, and the measured output third-order intercept point <formula formulatype="inline"> <tex Notation="TeX">$({\rm OIP}_{3})$</tex></formula> is 11 dBm. The dual-gate QVCO exhibits an oscillation frequency of up to 25.3 GHz, a phase noise of <formula formulatype="inline"><tex Notation="TeX">$-$</tex></formula>109 dBc/Hz at 1-MHz offset frequency, an amplitude error of 0.16 dB, and a phase error of 0.8<formula formulatype="inline"><tex Notation="TeX">$^{\circ}$</tex></formula>. The proposed dual-gate CMOS device is very suitable for the linear and nonlinear circuit designs above 20 GHz, especially for millimeter-wave applications due to its high speed and compact area.

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Cite this paper

@article{Chang201365nmCD, title={65-nm CMOS Dual-Gate Device for \$Ka\$-Band Broadband Low-Noise Amplifier and High-Accuracy Quadrature Voltage-Controlled Oscillator}, author={Hong-Yeh Chang and Chi-Hsien Lin and Yu-cheng Liu and Yeh-Liang Yeh and Kevin Chen and Szu-Hsien Wu}, journal={IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques}, year={2013}, volume={61}, pages={2402-2413} }