5-Aminolevulinic acid and its derivatives: physical chemical properties and protoporphyrin IX formation in cultured cells.


Protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) is used as a fluorescence marker and photosensitizing agent in photodynamic therapy (PDT). A temporary increase of PpIX in tissues can be obtained by administration of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA). Lipophilicity is one of the key parameters defining the bioavailability of a topically applied drug. In the present work, octanol-water… (More)