4E cognition in the Lower Palaeolithic

  title={4E cognition in the Lower Palaeolithic},
  author={Thomas Wynn and Karenleigh A. Overmann and Lambros Malafouris},
  journal={Adaptive Behavior},
  pages={99 - 106}
This essay introduces a special issue focused on 4E cognition (cognition as embodied, embedded, enactive, and extended) in the Lower Palaeolithic. In it, we review the typological and representational cognitive approaches that have dominated the past 50 years of paleoanthropology. These have assumed that all representations and computations take place only inside the head, which implies that the archaeological record can only be an “external” product or the behavioral trace of “internal… 
Digging up concrescences: a hermeneutics for process archaeology
In this paper I build on the process philosophy of Whitehead and on enactive approachs to hermeneutics, to suggest that if we want to conceive of archaeological practice in terms of a process
Mark Making and Human Becoming
  • L. Malafouris
  • Philosophy
    Journal of archaeological method and theory
  • 2021
It is argued that the archaeological predilection to see mark making as a potential index of symbolic representation often blind us to other, more basic dimensions of the cognitive life and agency of those marks as material signs.


Tools, language and cognition in human evolution
  • R. Milo
  • Psychology, Biology
    International Journal of Primatology
  • 2007
A stimulating collection of empirical and theoretical studies from primatology, developmental psychology, archaeology, and social anthropology that attempt to get at the heart of how human beings differ from nonhuman primates and in what circumstances those differences might have appeared in hominine evolution.
Hafted spears and the archaeology of mind
  • T. Wynn
  • History
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2009
This issue of PNAS offers a good example of a relatively new perspective in paleoanthropology—that of cognitive archaeology, by duplicating one such hafting technology, identifying the procedures and knowledge required, and arguing that abstract reasoning was an essential prerequisite.
Homo sapiens Is as Homo sapiens Was
  • J. Shea
  • Psychology
    Current Anthropology
  • 2011
Paleolithic archaeologists conceptualize the uniqueness of Homo sapiens in terms of “behavioral modernity,” a quality often conflated with behavioral variability. The former is qualitative,
“An ape's view of the Oldowan” revisited
In 1989, Wynn and McGrew published an explicit comparison between Oldowan technology and what was then known of chimpanzee technology, and concluded that everything archeologists had reconstructed about the behavior of Oldowan hominins could be accommodated within the ape adaptive grade.
Introduction to the special issue on 4E cognition
One thing that has become clear in the last 10 to 15 years of research on cognition is that there are many different dimensions of modelling and explanation at work. Homogeneity there is not. One
Culture: A Human Domain
It is argued that a number of recent writings based on primate studies and on analysis of early hominid evolution have blurred certain central issues regarding human and non-human primate behavior.
How Things Shape the Mind: A Theory of Material Engagement
An account of the different ways in which things have become cognitive extensions of the human body, from prehistory to the present.An increasingly influential school of thought in cognitive science
A developmental model for the evolution of language and intelligence in early hominids
It is proposed that the common ancestor of the great apes and man displayed rudimentary forms of late sensorimotor and early preoperational intelligence similar to that of one- to four-year-old children, which arose as adaptations for extractive foraging with tools, which requires a long postweaning apprenticeship.
Technition: When Tools Come Out of the Closet
It is developed the thesis that the technical mind originates in perhaps uniquely human neurocognitive skills, namely, technical-reasoning skills involving the area PF within the left inferior parietal lobe, which justifies the emergence of a new field in the cognitive sciences dedicated to the intelligence hidden behind tools and other forms of technologies.