4D flow CMR in assessment of valve-related ascending aortic disease.

@article{Hope20114DFC,
  title={4D flow CMR in assessment of valve-related ascending aortic disease.},
  author={Michael Hope and Thomas A. Hope and Stephen E. S. Crook and Karen Gomes Ordovas and Thomas H. Urbania and Marc T Alley and Charles Higgins},
  journal={JACC. Cardiovascular imaging},
  year={2011},
  volume={4 7},
  pages={781-7}
}
Blood flow imaging with 3-dimensional time-resolved, phase-contrast cardiac magnetic resonance (4-dimensional [4D] Flow) is an innovative and visually appealing method for studying cardiovascular disease that allows quantification of important secondary vascular parameters including wall shear stress. The hypothesis of this pilot study is that 4D Flow will become a powerful tool for characterizing the relationship of aortic valve-related flow dynamics, especially with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV… CONTINUE READING