The production, trade and use of edible insects as food and feed touch on a wide range of regulatory areas, from product quality assurance to the environmental impact of insect farming. Regulatory frameworks referred to in this chapter include legislation, standards and other regulatory instruments (legally binding or otherwise), at both the national and international levels, which would have a role in regulating the use of insects as food and feed. Regulatory frameworks on the use and conservation of insects in areas such as biodiversity conservation, disease control, IPM, sanitation, pest eradication and the health sector are not discussed here. Globalization and growing consumer concern over food quality and production methods have dramatically changed consumption patterns in recent decades. Food chains have become longer and more complex due to the global trade in raw materials and food ingredients. As a result, food safety and the quality of traded food products have received increased attention and the regulatory frameworks governing food and feed have developed greatly in the last 20 years. In many societies, insects are not perceived as a regular food/feed product and, as such, they rarely fall within the remit of food/feed regulators. At the national and international levels, standards and regulations acknowledging the use of insects as ingredients for food and feed are rare (Box 14.1).