4-Dimethylaminopyridine promoted interfacial polymerization between hyperbranched polyesteramide and trimesoyl chloride for preparing ultralow-pressure reverse osmosis composite membrane.

Abstract

We have presented a concept of ultralow-pressure reverse osmosis membrane based on hyperbranched polyesteramide through interfacial reaction promoted by pyridine derivate. In this strategy, a key catalyst of 4-dimethylaminopyridine, which can both eliminate the steric hindrance of acyl transfer reaction and facilitate the phase transfer in interfacial polymerization, is adopted to drive the formation of a thin film composite membrane from the hyperbranched polyesteramide and trimesoyl chloride. The results of the characterization demonstrate that a dense, rough, and hydrophilic active layer with a thickness of about 100 nm is formed when the 4-dimethylaminopyridine catalyst is used. The salt rejections for Na2SO4, NaCl, and MgSO4 of the as-prepared composite membrane are higher than 92%, especially for Na2SO4 with 98% rejection. The water fluxes reach about 30-40 L·m(-2)·h(-1) even at an operation pressure of 0.6 MPa. The membrane exhibits good chlorine-resistance ability but poor resistance abilities to acidic and alkaline solutions in the physical-chemical stability experiment. It is also found that the resultant membrane possesses excellent separation performance for PEG-200, showing a promising way to separate small organic molecules from water.

DOI: 10.1021/am401345y

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Cite this paper

@article{Qin20134DimethylaminopyridinePI, title={4-Dimethylaminopyridine promoted interfacial polymerization between hyperbranched polyesteramide and trimesoyl chloride for preparing ultralow-pressure reverse osmosis composite membrane.}, author={Jiaxu Qin and Saisai Lin and Shuqin Song and Lin Zhang and Huanlin Chen}, journal={ACS applied materials & interfaces}, year={2013}, volume={5 14}, pages={6649-56} }