3D deformation and dynamics of the human cadaver abdomen under seatbelt loading.

@article{Lamielle20083DDA,
  title={3D deformation and dynamics of the human cadaver abdomen under seatbelt loading.},
  author={Sophie Lamielle and Philippe Vezin and Jean-Pierre Verriest and Philippe Y Petit and Xavier Trosseille and Guy Vallancien},
  journal={Stapp car crash journal},
  year={2008},
  volume={52},
  pages={267-94}
}
According to accident analysis, submarining is responsible for most of the frontal car crash AIS 3+ abdominal injuries sustained by restrained occupants. Submarining is characterized by an initial position of the lap belt on the iliac spine. During the crash, the pelvis slips under the lap belt which loads the abdomen. The order of magnitude of the abdominal deflection rate was reported by Uriot to be approximately 4 m/s. In addition, the use of active restraint devices such as pretensioners in… CONTINUE READING