3D Morphable Face Models—Past, Present, and Future

  title={3D Morphable Face Models—Past, Present, and Future},
  author={Bernhard Egger and W. Smith and Ayush Tewari and Stefanie Wuhrer and Michael Zollh{\"o}fer and Thabo Beeler and Florian Bernard and Timo Bolkart and Adam Kortylewski and Sami Romdhani and Christian Theobalt and Volker Blanz and Thomas Vetter},
  journal={ACM Transactions on Graphics (TOG)},
  pages={1 - 38}
In this article, we provide a detailed survey of 3D Morphable Face Models over the 20 years since they were first proposed. The challenges in building and applying these models, namely, capture, modeling, image formation, and image analysis, are still active research topics, and we review the state-of-the-art in each of these areas. We also look ahead, identifying unsolved challenges, proposing directions for future research, and highlighting the broad range of current and future applications. 

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