3 Modeling Web Applications


It is not (yet) common to model Web applications in practice. This is unfortunate as a modelbased approach provides a better alternative to the ad-hoc development of Web applications and its inherent problems. As mentioned in previous chapters, these are for example insufficient fulfillment of requirements, faulty specification, or missing system documentation. Models represent a solid starting point for the implementation of a Web application taking into account static and dynamic aspects of the content, hypertext, and presentation levels of a Web application. While the content model of a Web application which aims at capturing underlying information and application logic is similar to the corresponding model of a non-Web application, the need to consider the hypertext is particular to Web applications. The hypertext model represents all kinds of navigation possibilities based on the content. The presentation model maps hypertext structures to pages and their links thus represent the graphical user interface. The inclusion of context information, such as user, time, location, and device used, and the adaptation of the Web application which is ‘‘derived’’ from this information, has gained increasing attention in modeling efforts. This is undoubtedly a consequence of ubiquitous Web applications that have become increasingly popular. This chapter discusses the spectrum of existing methods and some tools available to model Web applications and their highlights to help the reader select a suitable modeling method. Such methods are the basis for model-based development and code-generation tools, which allow us to consider the use of different Web clients and run-time platforms.

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@inproceedings{Schwinger20073MW, title={3 Modeling Web Applications}, author={Wieland Schwinger and Nora Koch}, year={2007} }