3-D anatomically based dynamic modeling of the human knee to include tibio-femoral and patello-femoral joints.

@article{Caruntu20043DAB,
  title={3-D anatomically based dynamic modeling of the human knee to include tibio-femoral and patello-femoral joints.},
  author={Dumitru I. Caruntu and Mohamed Samir Hefzy},
  journal={Journal of biomechanical engineering},
  year={2004},
  volume={126 1},
  pages={44-53}
}
An anatomical dynamic model consisting of three body segments, femur, tibia and patella, has been developed in order to determine the three-dimensional dynamic response of the human knee. Deformable contact was allowed at all articular surfaces, which were mathematically represented using Coons' bicubic surface patches. Nonlinear elastic springs were used to model all ligamentous structures. Two joint coordinate systems were employed to describe the six-degrees-of-freedom tibio-femoral (TF) and… CONTINUE READING

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