23Na NMR relaxation study of the effects of conformation and base composition on the interactions of counterions with double-helical DNA.

Abstract

NMR relaxation rates (T1(-1) and T2(-1)) have been determined for 23Na in aqueous salt solutions containing various types of helical double-stranded deoxyribonucleic acids. These measurements were performed on three synthetic polynucleotides having different overall conformations, poly-(dA-dT).poly(dA-dT) (alternating B-DNA), poly(dG-dC).poly(dG-dC) at low salt (B-DNA), and Br-poly(dG-dC).Br-poly(dG-dC) (left-handed Z-DNA), and on four types of natural DNA differing in base composition, Clostridium perfringens (26% GC), calf thymus (40% GC), Escherichia coli (50% GC), and Micrococcus lysodeikticus (72% GC). For all types of DNA investigated, except poly(dA-dT).poly(dA-dT), the 23Na NMR spectra measured at 21 degrees C and an applied field of 4.7 T are non-Lorentzian. These non-Lorentzian spectra were analyzed on the basis of the two-state model and the standard theory of nonexponential quadrupolar relaxation processes in order to obtain estimates of the correlation times (tau c) characteristic of the sodium nuclei associated with the various nucleic acids. All of the correlation times estimated in this way are in the range of nanoseconds. The magnitudes of these correlation times show a significant dependence on the overall conformation of the nucleic acid (B vs. Z) but not on its base composition. To investigate the concentration dependence of tau c, sodium or magnesium salts were added to solutions of Br-poly(dG-dC).Br-poly(dG-dC) (Z-DNA).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Cite this paper

@article{Nordenskild198423NaNR, title={23Na NMR relaxation study of the effects of conformation and base composition on the interactions of counterions with double-helical DNA.}, author={Lars Nordenski{\"{o}ld and Deborah K Chang and Charles F. Anderson and M. Thomas Record}, journal={Biochemistry}, year={1984}, volume={23 19}, pages={4309-17} }